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Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM). (Miljökemi och miljöriskanalys)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0702-0306
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för psykologi (PSY).
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 645-655Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Advanced high-strength steels may reduce the use of nonrenewable resources and energy given that the amount of material needed is smaller, compared to traditional steel grades. Still, advanced steel grades are not utilized to the extent that could be expected. This study examines stakeholders’ preferences of steel characteristics and perceived barriers to the introduction of new materials. Focus group interviews were used to identify steel characteristics and perceived barriers. Stakeholder preferences of steel characteristics were evaluated through a conjoint analysis; the results showed that low weight was given the highest priority, followed by high impact strength and low price. Low chromium content was the steel characteristic of least interest. Perceived barriers to the introduction of high-strength steel were categorized as technical barriers, knowledge barriers, scrap management barriers, suitability barriers, and cost barriers.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 645-655
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28722DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12212ISI: 000362594200011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84942253678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28722DiVA, id: diva2:645815
Prosjekter
Stålkretsloppet
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchTilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-05 Laget: 2013-09-05 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Environmental preferences among steel stakeholders
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Environmental preferences among steel stakeholders
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Emissions of carbon dioxide, dioxins, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter as well as use of non-renewable resources and energy are some important sustainability challenges for the Swedish steel industry. Much effort has been made, mainly by technical solutions, which to a high degree have decreased the emissions during the last 30 years.

Technical solutions however will not be sufficient to reach sustainable development, stakeholder involvement is also necessary. Stakeholder theory states that stake­holder involvement must include a dialog between the stakeholders involved and the operation. The first step in this process is to identify which key issues the stakeholders find most important and then the organisation needs to start interact with its stakeholders. This thesis deals with such issues.

Stakeholder preferences for environmental issues were assessed with conjoint analysis, Q-methodology and focus group discussions. The theory of planned behaviour was used to assess how attitudes were connected to background factors and a potential pro-environmental behaviour.

Five studies have been carried out in the framework of this thesis. The studies include: a literature review, method evaluation, evaluation of environ­mental objectives in stakeholder groups, screening of relevant factors, evaluation of steel environmental characteristics, identification of barriers to the introduction of new materials and the im­pact of worry and risk perception on strategic environmental decisions.

It can be concluded that the methods applied in the studies work well in eliciting preferences. It has been possible to show how different stakeholder groups as well as individuals prioritise environmental objectives and sustaina­bility issues. Since individuals within a stakeholder group vary considerably in preferences, the results from this thesis show the importance of illustrating results on an individual level instead of the traditional group level. Also, a method has been tested where the results were brought back to the respondents in order to stimulate discussions between different stakeholder groups.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Kalmar: Linnaeus University Press, 2013. s. 148
Serie
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 145
Emneord
conjoint analysis, environmental communication, focus group, light weighting, PLS, preferences, Q-methodology, risk perception, steel, stakeholders
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28310 (URN)978-91-87427-46-6 (ISBN)
Disputas
2013-09-20, Fullriggaren, Barlastgatan 11, Kalmar, 09:30 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-09 Laget: 2013-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-16bibliografisk kontrollert

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