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The Occurrence of Veterinary Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: A Review
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Israel.
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Current Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 1573-4110, E-ISSN 1875-6727, Vol. 12, nr 3, 169-182 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well known that there is a widespread use of veterinary pharmaceuticals and consequent release into different ecosystems such as freshwater bodies and groundwater systems. Furthermore, the use of organic fertilizers produced from animal waste manure has been also responsible for the occurrence of veterinary pharmaceuticals in agricultural soils. This article is a review of a number of different studies focused on the detection and quantification of such compounds in environmental compartments using different analytical techniques. Furthermore, this paper reports the main challenges regarding veterinary pharmaceuticals in terms of analytical methods and detection/quantification of parent compounds and metabolites and risks/toxicity to human health and aquatic ecosystems. Based on the existing literature, it is clear that only limited data is available regarding veterinary compounds and there are still considerable gaps to be bridged in order to remediate existing problems and prevent future ones. In terms of analytical methods, there are still considerable challenges to be overcome considering the large number of existing compounds and respective metabolites. A number of different studies highlight the lack of attention given in the detection and quantification of transformation products and metabolites. Furthermore more attention needs to be given in relation to the toxic effects and potential risks that veterinary compounds pose to environmental and human health. To conclude the more research investigations focused on these subjects take place in the near future, more rapidly we will get a better understanding about the behavior of these compounds and the real risks they pose to aquatic and terrestrial environments and how to properly tackle them.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 12, nr 3, 169-182 s.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46535DOI: 10.2174/1573411012666151009193108ISI: 000384769200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-46535DiVA: diva2:857437
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-29 Laget: 2015-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-01-25bibliografisk kontrollert

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