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Episodic microbial methanogenesis, methane oxidation and sulfate reduction in deep granite fractures at Forsmark, Sweden
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7230-6509
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: 15TH WATER-ROCK INTERACTION INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM, WRI-15 / [ed] Marques, JM Chambel, A, 2017, s. 702-705Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

An extensive microanalytical isotope study of calcite and pyrite has been carried out in bedrock fractures at Forsmark, Sweden. The very large delta C-13(calcite)-variation of 103.4% V-PDB in total (-69.2 to +34.2%) evidences significant spatial and temporal variability in processes and carbon sources in the deep fracture system during the period when these minerals were formed (Phanerozoic). The substantial delta C-13(calcite)-span is mainly methane-related, with heavy and very light delta C-13 originating from ubiquitous in situ microbial methanogenesis and anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM), respectively. Co-genetic cubic and framboidal pyrite showed substantial sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB)-related delta S-34 variation of 95% V-CDT overall (-29 to +66%), indicating closed system isotope distillation and point to similar genetic SRB methane-oxidizer relationships as in marine sediments. The depth distribution of the methanogenesis-, SRB- and AOM-signatures are from just below the ground surface down to about 800 m, which marks the deepest occurrence of AOM-related carbonate yet reported from the continental crystalline crust. Biomarkers and fluid inclusions suggest that the microbial activity in the bedrock fractures was closely related to descending surficial fluids and basinal brines rich in organic matter, in at least two pulses (70-80 degrees C and <50-62 degrees C). (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. s. 702-705
Serie
Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, ISSN 1878-5220 ; 17
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Ekologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-64309DOI: 10.1016/j.proeps.2016.12.158ISI: 000398020400177OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-64309DiVA, id: diva2:1098167
Konferens
15th Water-Rock Interaction International Symposium (WRI), OCT 16-21, 2016, Evora, PORTUGAL
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-23 Skapad: 2017-05-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Drake, HenrikÅström, Mats E.

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