lnu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Metals in greywater: Sources, presence and removal efficiencies
Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5472-8553
Middlesex University, UK.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6465-2233
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Desalination, ISSN 0011-9164, E-ISSN 1873-4464, Vol. 248, nr 1-3, s. 271-278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

To date, risk assessment for greywater reuse systems has almost exclusively been focussed on pathogenic microorganisms and conventional water quality parameters. Little is known about the risks from micropollutants present in greywater, nor about the potential for greywater treatment systems to act as barriers for micropollutants. In this paper, the sources, presence and potential fate of cadmium, mercury, lead, and nickel in onsite greywater treatment systems are investigated. Annual metal loads from bathroom greywater are small in comparison with typical municipal wastewater loads but still do not always meet environmental quality standards for surface waters. This study shows that onsite treatment may remove a third to a half of lead, mercury and nickel from bathroom greywater but showed no significant removal of cadmium. Geochemical modelling indicates that metals should not pose a problem for reuse in toilet flushing, irrigation and clothes washing. Rather, the major potential problems associated with the presence of metals in greywater are related to the issue of sludge disposal.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. Vol. 248, nr 1-3, s. 271-278
Nyckelord [en]
Annual loads, Grey wastewater, Greywater, Heavy metals, Priority pollutants, Source analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-66715DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-66715DiVA, id: diva2:1120000
Tillgänglig från: 2017-07-05 Skapad: 2017-07-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltext

Personposter BETA

Eriksson, Eva

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Eriksson, EvaDonner, Erica
I samma tidskrift
Desalination
Miljövetenskap

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 59 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf