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Factors associated with health status and psychological distress among cardiac arrest (CA) survivors living with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)
Linköping University. (iCARE)
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). (iCARE)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7865-3480
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2017 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Background: The aim was to explore factors associated with health status and psychological distress among ICD-implanted CA survivors.  

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included all eligible adult ICD-implanted CA survivors in the Swedish ICD and Pacemaker Registry, 2011-2012. Health status and psychological distress were measured with the EQ-5D-5L (EQ index & EQ VAS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) respectively. Linear regression analyses were used to explore associations between explanatory- and outcome variables.

Results: In total, 990 patients (22% women) with a median age of 68 (q1-q3=60-74) were included. Time since the CA varied between 6 months to 23 years. The median values for EQ index and EQ VAS were 0.85 (q1-q3=0.73-1.00) and 80 (q1-q3=69-90) respectively. Gender, comorbidity, receiving ICD-shock/-s, perceived control and personality were independently associated with health status. The final models explained 25% (EQ index) and 30% (EQ VAS) of the total variance (according to the R2 values). The median values for HADS Anxiety and HADS Depression were 3 (q1-q3=1-6) and 2 (q1-q3=1-4) respectively. Age, gender, comorbidity, living alone, ICD-related concerns, perceived control and personality were independently associated with psychological distress. The final models explained 51% (HADS Anxiety) and 44% (HADS Depression) of the total variance.

Conclusion: Age, gender, living alone, comorbidity, receiving ICD-shock/-s, ICD-related concerns, perceived control and personality were associated with health status and/or psychological distress. These results contribute to a better understanding of the life situation among CA survivors, and may be important to develop individualized post CA care. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017.
Nyckelord [en]
Health status, Psychological distress, Cardiac arrest, survivors, Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
Hälsovetenskap, Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-68014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-68014DiVA, id: diva2:1142199
Konferens
3rd International Symposium on Post Cardiac Arrest Care, Lund, Sweden, September 4-5, 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-18 Skapad: 2017-09-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Israelsson, JohanBremer, AndersÅrestedt, Kristofer

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Israelsson, JohanBremer, AndersÅrestedt, Kristofer
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Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV)
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