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The employment gap between immigrants and natives - the importance of local factors
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
2022 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Hållbar utveckling
SDG 8: Verka för varaktig, inkluderande och hållbar ekonomisk tillväxt, full och produktiv sysselsättning med anständiga arbetsvillkor för alla
Abstract [en]

Sweden has once been an emigration country, but as the years went by and as the world is in constant change, it turned into an immigration country. One of the most debated questions politically and economically is the employment gap between immigrants and natives. The available studies have mainly described the employment gap between immigrants and natives by human capital factors and discrimination on the labour market. The goal of this paper is to discover the correlation between the local factors and the employment gap between European, non-European immigrants and natives, on municipality level while controlling for education level and gender. Using data from Statistics Sweden and SKR, and an OLS multiple linear regression, we could capture this effect. The local factors studied are the unemployment rate, share of immigrants, share of low-skilled jobs and the size of the municipality. The overall results suggest that the region of birth does have an impact on the employment gap between immigrants and natives, where the biggest gap is between the non-European immigrants and the natives, which is in line with previous studies. Furthermore, both Europeans’ and non-Europeans’ employment rate is mostly correlated with the municipality size followed by the local unemployment rate. Taking the limitations of this paper into account, these results are only an indication and further studies need to be made to further insure the correlation between the local factors and the employment rate.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2022. , s. 46
Nyckelord [en]
Immigrants, Sweden, employment gap, integration, labour market, ethnic enclaves, European, non-European, local factors, unemployment rate, share of immigrants, low-skilled jobs, municipality size.
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-116028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-116028DiVA, id: diva2:1691760
Ämne / kurs
Nationalekonomi
Utbildningsprogram
Nationalekonomprogrammet, 180 hp
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-01 Skapad: 2022-08-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-09-01Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Shakirov U. & Zahroon S. (2022). The employment gap between immigrants and natives – the importance of local factors, The Department of Economics and Statistics. Växjö: Linnaeus University.(1158 kB)171 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 1158 kBChecksumma SHA-512
9a286aff1d78484ea643580220e02aa6b6d52a4588c731d7c994cbda1c1058066e13c54690df436d7aace545cd0939a64e42d94f2ae63926ebd117de1f3f5290
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Av organisationen
Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS)
Nationalekonomi

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Totalt: 171 nedladdningar
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