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Improving WiFi positioning through the use of successive in-sequence signal strength samples
Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
2006 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
Abstract [en]

As portable computers and wireless networks are becoming ubiquitous, it is natural to consider the user’s position as yet another aspect to take into account when providing services that are tailored to meet the needs of the consumers. Location aware systems could guide persons through buildings, to a particular bookshelf in a library or assist in a vast variety of other applications that can benefit from knowing the user’s position.

In indoor positioning systems, the most commonly used method for determining the location is to collect samples of the strength of the received signal from each base station that is audible at the client’s position and then pass the signal strength data on to a positioning server that has been previously fed with example signal strength data from a set of reference points where the position is known. From this set of reference points, the positioning server can interpolate the client’s current location by comparing the signal strength data it has collected with the signal strength data associated with every reference point.

Our work proposes the use of multiple successive received signal strength samples in order to capture periodic signal strength variations that are the result of effects such as multi-path propagation, reflections and other types of radio interference. We believe that, by capturing these variations, it is possible to more easily identify a particular point; this is due to the fact that the signal strength fluctuations should be rather constant at every position, since they are the result of for example reflections on the fixed surfaces of the building’s interior.

For the purpose of investigating our assumptions, we conducted measurements at a site at Växjö university, where we collected signal strength samples at known points. With the data collected, we performed two different experiments: one with a neural network and one where the k-nearest-neighbor method was used for position approximation. For each of the methods, we performed the same set of tests with single signal strength samples and with multiple successive signal strength samples, to evaluate their respective performances.

We concluded that the k-nearest-neighbor method does not seem to benefit from multiple successive signal strength samples, at least not in our setup, compared to when using single signal strength samples. However, the neural network performed about 17% better when multiple successive signal strength samples were used.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2006. , s. 51
Nyckelord [en]
k-nearest-neighbor, neural network, positioning, received signal strength indicator (RSSI), signal strength, WiFi, wireless networks
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-590DiVA, id: diva2:206900
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2006-06-13 Skapad: 2006-06-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-03-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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