lnu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Environmental preferences among steel stakeholders
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0702-0306
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Emissions of carbon dioxide, dioxins, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter as well as use of non-renewable resources and energy are some important sustainability challenges for the Swedish steel industry. Much effort has been made, mainly by technical solutions, which to a high degree have decreased the emissions during the last 30 years.

Technical solutions however will not be sufficient to reach sustainable development, stakeholder involvement is also necessary. Stakeholder theory states that stake­holder involvement must include a dialog between the stakeholders involved and the operation. The first step in this process is to identify which key issues the stakeholders find most important and then the organisation needs to start interact with its stakeholders. This thesis deals with such issues.

Stakeholder preferences for environmental issues were assessed with conjoint analysis, Q-methodology and focus group discussions. The theory of planned behaviour was used to assess how attitudes were connected to background factors and a potential pro-environmental behaviour.

Five studies have been carried out in the framework of this thesis. The studies include: a literature review, method evaluation, evaluation of environ­mental objectives in stakeholder groups, screening of relevant factors, evaluation of steel environmental characteristics, identification of barriers to the introduction of new materials and the im­pact of worry and risk perception on strategic environmental decisions.

It can be concluded that the methods applied in the studies work well in eliciting preferences. It has been possible to show how different stakeholder groups as well as individuals prioritise environmental objectives and sustaina­bility issues. Since individuals within a stakeholder group vary considerably in preferences, the results from this thesis show the importance of illustrating results on an individual level instead of the traditional group level. Also, a method has been tested where the results were brought back to the respondents in order to stimulate discussions between different stakeholder groups.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Kalmar: Linnaeus University Press, 2013. , s. 148
Serie
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 145
Nyckelord [en]
conjoint analysis, environmental communication, focus group, light weighting, PLS, preferences, Q-methodology, risk perception, steel, stakeholders
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28310ISBN: 978-91-87427-46-6 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-28310DiVA, id: diva2:642190
Disputation
2013-09-20, Fullriggaren, Barlastgatan 11, Kalmar, 09:30 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskningTillgänglig från: 2013-09-09 Skapad: 2013-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Conjoint analysis for environmental evaluation: a review of methods and applications.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conjoint analysis for environmental evaluation: a review of methods and applications.
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 244-257Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND, AIM AND SCOPE: Conjoint analysis and the related choice-modelling methods have been used for many years in marketing research to evaluate consumer behaviour and preferences for different kinds of product attributes. Recently, the number of applications in environmental science and management has started to grow. Conjoint analysis is found in many different forms, and the environmental studies evaluated in this review display the same range of methods as in other fields. The key characteristic of all these methods is that trade-offs are evaluated by jointly considering a number of important attributes. MAIN FEATURES: This paper is a review of the literature on environmental applications of conjoint analysis and assesses in which environmental area conjoint analysis has been most successful. The method and the design of the studies are reviewed as well. RESULTS: A total of 84 studies were found, dealing with environmental issues that were evaluated by conjoint analysis. The studies concern agriculture, ecosystem management, energy, environmental evaluation, forestry, land management, pollution, products, recreation, environmental risk analysis and waste management. DISCUSSION: Choice experiments seem to have a comparatively stronger position in environmental studies than elsewhere. Most of the environmental applications are related to natural resource management. This is somewhat surprising, but a number of reports have appeared also on product evaluation, which could be a key application area in the future. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to marketing and transportation, the number of environmental conjoint studies is rather small but increasing, and the method has proven to work effectively in eliciting preferences on environmental issues. In environmental issues, experimenters often use choice experiments, especially concerning ecosystem management and environmental evaluations. When it comes to evaluating preferences concerning agriculture, forestry, energy and products, a more traditional approach of conjoint analysis is favoured. RECOMMENDATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: Two new areas of application are identified in this review--environmental communication and expert elicitation. Conjoint analysis can thus be developed into a useful instrument for environmental risk analysis and communication, both of which are necessary for an efficient approach to risk governance.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Berlin, 2008
Nyckelord
Choice experiments, Conjoint analysis, Environmental communication, Environmental valuation, Environmental expert elicitation, Environmental management, Environmental risk analysis, Review
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hik:diva-1478 (URN)10.1065/espr2008.02.479 (DOI)18504844 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-04-28 Skapad: 2009-04-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Illustrating individual preferences from conjiont analysis studies with multivariate methods
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Illustrating individual preferences from conjiont analysis studies with multivariate methods
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28711 (URN)
Projekt
Stålkretsloppet
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-05 Skapad: 2013-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Steel industry environmental objectives:stakeholder preference assessment usingconjoint analysis
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Steel industry environmental objectives:stakeholder preference assessment usingconjoint analysis
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, E-ISSN 1743-2812, Vol. 40, nr 8, s. 605-612Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish steel industry has combined traditional methods such as life cycle analysis with less traditional methods such as preference analysis in order to move towards a closed steel eco cycle. The paper describes the use of conjoint analysis to study preferences of six different stakeholder groups regarding four environmental objectives (reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, reduced use of non-renewable resources, reduced use of non-renewable energy and weight reduction in products) and to identify gaps in preferences between the stakeholder groups. Our results suggested that there was a difference in preference between the stakeholder groups: respondents that were closer to the steel industry favoured all four environmental objectives, while members of public and political decision makers preferred a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. One of the conclusions of our study is that there is a need of improved information to clients and public on the environmental benefits of product weight reduction.

Nyckelord
Conjoint analysis, Environmental objective, PLS, Steel, Stated preference, Weight reduction
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-23341 (URN)10.1179/1743281212Y.0000000087 (DOI)000327015200007 ()2-s2.0-84888409277 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Stålkretsloppet
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning
Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-08 Skapad: 2013-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 645-655Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Advanced high-strength steels may reduce the use of nonrenewable resources and energy given that the amount of material needed is smaller, compared to traditional steel grades. Still, advanced steel grades are not utilized to the extent that could be expected. This study examines stakeholders’ preferences of steel characteristics and perceived barriers to the introduction of new materials. Focus group interviews were used to identify steel characteristics and perceived barriers. Stakeholder preferences of steel characteristics were evaluated through a conjoint analysis; the results showed that low weight was given the highest priority, followed by high impact strength and low price. Low chromium content was the steel characteristic of least interest. Perceived barriers to the introduction of high-strength steel were categorized as technical barriers, knowledge barriers, scrap management barriers, suitability barriers, and cost barriers.

Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28722 (URN)10.1111/jiec.12212 (DOI)000362594200011 ()2-s2.0-84942253678 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Stålkretsloppet
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-05 Skapad: 2013-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
5. Risk perception and worry in environmental decision-making - a case study within the Swedish steel industry
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Risk perception and worry in environmental decision-making - a case study within the Swedish steel industry
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, nr 9, s. 1173-1194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainable development is an important issue for the industry in order to fulfil legislation requirements and to be able to use green marketing as a competitive advantage. The Swedish steel industry has implemented a large number of environmental improvements, for example, within energy efficiency, raw materials and recyclability. Technical improvements can help the industry decrease its environmental impact; however, in order to reach sustainable development, more factors need to be considered: an effective environmental decision-making process, for example. This process may be influenced by personal factors such as risk perception and worry, which are factors that will not contribute to an effective decision-making process. The aim of this study was to investigate if personal worry and risk perception influenced environmental decision-making within the Swedish steel industry. Thirty-eight interviews were performed at 10 Swedish steelworks using the Q-methodology. The major perceived environmental risks with the facility and personal worry were assessed, compared to the day-to-day work. It was concluded that the major perceived risks were emissions of carbon dioxide, use of non-renewable energy and emissions of particulate matter. The decision-makers were mainly worried about emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions of dioxin and use of non-renewable energy. The environmental issues that were prioritised in practice (day-to-day work) were emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions of particulate matter and emissions of metals. Even though emissions of carbon dioxide were given the highest priority in the Q-sorts, there was in general no clear relationship between risk perception and personal worry with the prioritised environmental issues at the steelworks. The quantitative analysis of the Q-sorts and the qualitative interviews both showed that the day-to-day work was unaffected by personal worry and risk.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Nyckelord
Decision-maker, Q-methodology, Risk perception, Steelwork, Worry
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-28705 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2016.1153498 (DOI)000407463100005 ()2-s2.0-84961209817 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Stålkretsloppet
Forskningsfinansiär
Mistra - Stiftelsen för miljöstrategisk forskning
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-05 Skapad: 2013-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(3350 kB)278 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 3350 kBChecksumma SHA-512
6fab2f56d7472a6a25f7b177bed500ac8e227b02e7989b6f0a1a591fb73ab48f4532ccfb87867b0d4c68e87ee9fee8f684843fa946c202ff9e1963cba9478f01
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Personposter BETA

Alriksson, Stina

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Alriksson, Stina
Av organisationen
Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM)
Miljövetenskap

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 278 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 841 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf