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Integrated use of product data for improved wood material utilization in the furniture and joinery production
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT). (Virkeslära)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0130-3356
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT). Luleå University of Technology. (Virkeslära)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4526-9391
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 321-327Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Quality communication from customer to supplier is crucial for the effectiveness of a value chain. In the forest products industry, a mutual understanding of quality requirements between customer and supplier in relation to material characteristics and production conditions is important if the material is to be utilized effectively.

 

In the mechanical wood industry, hardwood has normally been quality graded manually. This has been a work-intensive operation and a problematic working environment. Automatic grading equipment based mainly on camera and laser technology is therefore gradually replacing the manual grading operation which relies on the human eye. The cross-cutting of sawn wood into shorter components with well-defined quality parameters is a process which needs to be automated. This makes it possible for the sawmill to redefine the quality grading process with e.g. more complex grading rules. To gain full benefits from the new technology, however, the grading process must be redefined in cooperation with the customers. There is also an expressed need for tools to communicate the quality of products produced by sawmills.

 

In this study, three case studies were therefore performed where the communication of requirements between sawmills and customers was studied with regard to three different components delivered from two sawmills. In one sawmill, two products were studied; one intended for a furniture producer and one for a joinery producer. In the other sawmill, the studied product was intended for a producer of solid wood panels. The idea has been to study the need for product information expressed by both the customer and supplier through the automatic grading process and to utilise this equipment for data collection and visualisation.

 

The requirements for a communication and data exchange tool have been derived. There is often an expressed need to measure how different raw materials affect the volume yield in a process and how different quality requirements affect the volume yield. Sharing this information between customer and supplier has been shown to yield a mutual understanding of how and why deviations occur. Visualisation possibilities are a prerequisite for a mutual understanding of quality conceptions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Brasov: Publishing House of Transilvania University of Brasov , 2013. Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 321-327
Nyckelord [en]
Products development, customer requirements, quality, automatic grading, scanning technique
Nationell ämneskategori
Trävetenskap
Forskningsämne
Teknik, Skog och träteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-30349OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-30349DiVA, id: diva2:663484
Konferens
he International Conference “Wood Science and Engineering in the Third Millennium” – ICWSE 2013 Brasov, Rumania, 7-9 November, 2013
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-11 Skapad: 2013-11-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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