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Real learning or just school for all? : Discrepancies between enrolment numbers and learning results in India
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST).
2015 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

As the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, MDGs, are coming closer to the target year of 2015, this study joins the ongoing debate about the achieved results with a focus on India. While India has seen great improvements concerning the second MDG, which is for all children to enrol and complete primary education, the country has for the past years been facing a challenge of decreasing learning results. The focus of this study is the effect that the increased enrolment has on the learning outcomes, measured in arithmetic and reading ability. This paper is based on a field study conducted in the rural southern parts of West Bengal, India. The data primarily originate from semi-structured interviews with teachers, families of school children and field observations. The findings are analysed through Bourdieu’s framework of habitus. By analysing the situation through Bourdieu’s three forms of capital; economic, cultural and social, the study aims to broaden the understanding of the declining learning results in Indian primary schools. The study concludes that one has to look beyond the concept of habitus in order to get the full picture of why the children do not learn as much as they did before. Though habitus can be seen as a contributing factor to the decline, this due to the increased enrolment of children from a weaker habitus; that have different prerequisites for learning, this effect could be enhanced through migration of children with a stronger educational habitus from the public to private school system. However, this paper shows that other factors such as the role of the teachers and lack of focus on the fundamentals for learning might be more important when looking at the lower academic performance.

 

 

 

Key words: India, West Bengal, Primary education, Decrease in learning achievements, Bourdieu, Habitus

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. , s. 52
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-40098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-40098DiVA, id: diva2:788138
Ämne / kurs
Freds- och utvecklingsstudier
Utbildningsprogram
Freds- och utvecklingsprogrammet, 180 hp
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-16 Skapad: 2015-02-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-02-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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Real learning or just school for all? Discrepancies between enrolment numbers and learning results in India(1027 kB)206 nedladdningar
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