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Deactivation and Characterization of SCR Catalysts Used in Municipal Waste Incineration Applications
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4162-3680
Lund university.
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Catalysis Letters, ISSN 1011-372X, E-ISSN 1572-879X, Vol. 148, nr 1, s. 312-327Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Catalysts used for selective catalytic reduction were deactivated for various times in a slipstream from a municipal solid waste incineration plant and then characterized. The activity for NO reduction with NH3 was measured. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface areas were determined by N2 adsorption from which the pore size distributions in the mesopore region were obtained. Micropore areas and volumes were also obtained. The composition of fresh and deactivated catalysts as well as fly ash was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The changes in surface area (8% decrease in BET surface area over 2311 h) and pore structure were small, while the change in activity was considerable. The apparent pre-exponential factor was 1.63 × 105 (1/min) in the most deactivated catalyst, compared to 2.65 × 106 (1/min) in the fresh catalyst, i.e. a reduction of 94%. The apparent activation energy for the fresh catalyst was 40 kJ/mol, decreasing to 27 kJ/mol with increasing deactivation. Characterization showed that catalytic poisoning is mainly due to decreased acidity of the catalyst caused due to increasing amounts of Na and K.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2018. Vol. 148, nr 1, s. 312-327
Emneord [en]
Deactivation, Characterization, SCR catalysts, Municipal solid waste incineration
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik, Bioenergiteknik/Energi- och Miljöteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70202DOI: 10.1007/s10562-017-2229-8ISI: 000419901300033Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85033454924OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70202DiVA, id: diva2:1178198
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-29 Laget: 2018-01-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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