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A cryogenic XPS study of Ce fixation on nanosized manganite and vernadite: Interfacial reactions and effects of fulvic acid complexation
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0635-3718
Umeå University.
Umeå University.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7230-6509
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2018 (English)In: Chemical Geology, ISSN 0009-2541, E-ISSN 1872-6836, Vol. 483, p. 304-311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated interfacial reactions between aqueous Ce(III) and two synthetic nanosized Mn (hydr-) oxides (manganite: γ-MnOOH, and vernadite: δ-MnO2) in the absence and presence of Nordic Lake fulvic acid (NLFA) at circumneutral pH by batch experiments and cryogenic X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The surfaces of manganite and vernadite were negatively charged (XPS-derived loadings of (Na+K)/Cl > 1) and loaded with 0.42–4.33 Ce ions nm−2. Manganite stabilized Ce-oxidation states almost identical to those for vernadite (approximately 75% Ce(IV) and 25% Ce(III)), providing the first experimental evidence that also a Mn (III) phase (manganite) can act as an important scavenger for Ce(IV) and thus, contribute to the decoupling of Ce from its neighboring rare earth elements and the development of Ce anomaly. In contrast, when exposed to Ce (III)-NLFA complexes, the oxidation of Ce by these two Mn (hydr-)oxides was strongly suppressed, suggesting that the formation of Ce(III) complexes with fulvic acid can stabilize Ce(III) even in the presence of oxidative Mn oxide surfaces. The experiments also showed that Ce(III) complexed with excess NLFA was nearly completely removed, pointing to a strong preferential sorption of Ce(III)-complexed NLFA over free NLFA. This finding suggests that the Ce(III)-NLFA complexes were most likely sorbed by their cation side, i.e. Ce(III) bridging between oxide groups on the Mn (hydr-)oxides and negatively-charged functional groups in NLFA. Hence, Ce(III) was in direct contact with the oxidative manganite and vernadite but despite that not oxidized. An implication is that in organic-rich environments there may be an absence of Ce(IV) and Ce anomaly despite otherwise favorable conditions for Ce(III) oxidation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 483, p. 304-311
Keywords [en]
Cryogenic XPS, Manganite, Vernadite, Oxidative scavenging, Ce anomaly
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-72684DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.02.033ISI: 000429492300027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-72684DiVA, id: diva2:1197635
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Yu, ChangxunDrake, HenrikÅström, Mats E.

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