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Livsstilsförändringar vid fetma: En litteraturstudie som undersöker livsstilsförändringar samt hur täta kontakter påverkar följsamheten
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB).
2018 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Background: Obesity has become one of our times most endemic disease on a global scale and changes to lifestyle is the most cost-effective way to treat patients, when the cost for healthcare related treatment is staggeringly high for obesity and sequela diseases NAFLD, diabetes typ 2, dyslipidaemia and metabolic syndrome.The problem with this remedy is that it requires work and dedication. But changes require hard work, and in this patient group- low compliance, weight gain after treatment, dropping out of programs and small desire to change are the most common problems. Motivational studies report that readiness in obese patients is low and the best way to help patients to move forward is by motivational conversations. The obesity sequela disease NAFLD is an asymptomatic disease it displays no symptoms until very late stages. Therefore it’s a problem to get patients make the patient understand his illness and the seriousness of it.

Aim: This literature work was aimed at investigating compliance in lifestyle changes in obese subject and to see if close contact with healthcare staff affected the achieved results.

Method: In this literature study, the databases Pubmed, Science Direct, Medline and Sportdiscus were used to find information. Article inclusion criteria were that the articles were not older than 10 years and were in English.

Result: Frequent and regular contacts between participants and professional staff provided good results both with regard to weight loss, biochemical response, and the participants' willingness to change. Also it shows that return visits at least every three months will improve weight loss if the participant is motivated to implement a change to lifestyle.

Conclusion: Overall, this literature study shows the difficulties with lifestyle changes in people with obesity and sequela NAFLD. Close contacts of the patients with healthcare staff has proven to have a positive impact on treatment compliance, but there are other lifestyle difficulties in these patient groups which hamper compliance. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 28
Nyckelord [en]
obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, metabolic syndrome, lifestyle changes
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-73988OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-73988DiVA, id: diva2:1204374
Ämne / kurs
Biomedicinsk vetenskap
Utbildningsprogram
Hälsovetenskapliga programmet, inriktning biovetenskap, 180 hp
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-16 Skapad: 2018-05-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Erik Aldén examensarbete(795 kB)137 nedladdningar
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Av organisationen
Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB)
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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