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Tick-borne pathogens in tick species infesting humans in Sibiu County, central Romania
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (Ctr Ecol & Evolut Microbial Model Syst EEMiS)
Publ Hlth Direct, Romania.
Inst Diag & Anim Hlth, Romania.
German Ctr Infect Res DZIF Partner Munich, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Parasitology Research, ISSN 0932-0113, E-ISSN 1432-1955, Vol. 117, no 5, p. 1591-1597Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Romania has a highly diverse tick fauna. Consequently, a high diversity of tick-transmitted pathogens might be a potential threat to humans. However, only a limited number of tick species regularly infest humans, and pathogens present in such species are therefore of particular interest from a medical perspective. In this study, 297 ticks were collected from humans during 2013 and 2014. Ixodes ricinus was the predominant tick species, accounting for 272 specimens or 91.6% of the ticks in the study. Nevertheless, other tick species were also found to infest humans: Dermacentor marginatus constituted 7% of the ticks found on humans (21/297), Haemaphysalis punctata 1% (3/297), and Haemaphysalis concinna 0.3% (1/297). Ticks were tested by PCR for a wide range of tick-borne pathogens. In total, 11.8% of the ticks carried human pathogenic bacteria, while no viral or protozoan pathogens were detected. The most frequently detected pathogen was Rickettsia spp., occurring in 5.4% of the ticks (16/297) and comprising three species: Rickettsia (R.) raoultii, R. monacensis, and R. helvetica. Borrelia s.l. occurred in 3% (9/297) of the ticks. "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" occurred in 1.7% (5/297) and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in 1.3% (4/297). Anaplasma bovis was detected in an H. punctata and Borrelia miyamotoi in an I. ricinus. These results point to the need for further studies on the medical importance of tick-borne pathogens in Romania.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 117, no 5, p. 1591-1597
Keywords [en]
Humans, Ticks, Tick-borne diseases, Sibiu County, Romania
National Category
Microbiology
Research subject
Ecology, Zoonotic Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76773DOI: 10.1007/s00436-018-5848-0ISI: 000430833000029PubMedID: 29589118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-76773DiVA, id: diva2:1232353
Available from: 2018-07-11 Created: 2018-07-11 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Martin O.

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