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Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We present a study of immigrant self-employment in Sweden using the recent matched employer-employee data from 2014. We find large variations in self-employment rates among immigrant groups as well as between immigrants with different points for their time immigration to Sweden. High self-employment rates are found for male immigrants from the Middle East. Immigrants are less likely than natives to have employees in their firms but after controlling for firm characteristics we find that self-employed immigrants are more likely than self-employed natives to have employees. Especially non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to employ other immigrants, and even non-European and recently arrived immigrants, in their firms. Immigrants are more likely than natives to hire their spouses as employees. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration of other immigrants. We also conclude that that the family plays a central role for self-employment activities among immigrants and that more knowledge regarding the explanations behind the results is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies , 2018. , p. 37
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies ; 2018:4
Keywords [en]
Self-employment, Immigrants, Employment, Employees, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-77843OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-77843DiVA, id: diva2:1249272
Projects
Self-employment among female Middle Eastern immigrants: Determinants, obstacles and outcomes
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Note

This paper is part of the project titled Self-employment among female Middle Eastern immigrants: Determinants, obstacles and outcomes, financed by Jan Wallanders and Tom Hedelius Stiftelse. The research grant is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are also grateful for the comments provided during the workshop “Immigration, ethnic enclaves and labour market outcomes” in Jönköping 2018, the LNUC workshop in Båstad 2018 and the ESPE conference in Antwerp 2018.

Available from: 2018-09-18 Created: 2018-09-18 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Hammarstedt, MatsMiao, Chizheng

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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