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Relationship between obesity, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness levels in children and adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina: an analysis of gender differences
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9554-1234
Mid Sweden University.
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, p. 1-11, article id 1734Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to examine: (i) the level of physical activity (PA), obesity indices and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among boys and girls in primary school, and (ii) to determine the association of obesity indices and PA with CRF for the total number of participants, and then separately for boys and girls. 753 sixth to ninth grade girls and boys aged 10–14 years took part in this cross-sectional study. The PA was assessed by the “Physical Activity Questionnaire – Children” and CRF was assessed by the Maximalmultistage a 20 m shuttle run test. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were considered as obesity indices. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to explore correlates of CRF. The results obtained showed the prevalence of general overweight and obesity was 25.5% in our sample which was lower than that in the regional estimate (e.g., 28%) for Eastern Europe. Among all participants, CRF was associated with male sex, older age, a lower WC percentile, higher WHtR, and higher level of PA. The model accounted for 24% of the variance. CRF was associated with older age and a higher level of PA among girls and boys. Lower WC percentile was a significant determinant of CRF among boys. In conclusion, general overweight/obesity was not independently associated with CRF. Those with better CRF were more likely to be male and older, had a higher level ofPA and lower central adiposity. These findings emphasize the importance of supporting school-age children to take a part in programmed physical activity regardless of their body composition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2018. Vol. 9, p. 1-11, article id 1734
Keywords [en]
BMI, overweight, shuttle run test, VO2max, waist circumference
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-78993DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.01734ISI: 000451675900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-78993DiVA, id: diva2:1266636
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved

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3839404142434441 of 92
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