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Youth Reports of Parental Strategies and Sense of Coherence: Are Experiences of Being Victim of Physical Abuse Reflected?
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Linköping university, Sweden.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4416-1223
2019 (English)In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 502-519Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores adolescent’s reports of parental strategies and sense of coherence (SOC). Building on the suggested impact of child physical abuse, this study compares reports from a group of physically abused youth and a group of non-abused youth. Independent t-test, correlations and hierarchical linear regression analysis were computed. Findings indicate that parents’ use of corporal punishment could affect how youth report their parent’s parental strategies. Physically abused youth report less parental involvement and positive parenting as well as more inconsistent parenting than non-abused youth. Furthermore, physically abused youth report a significant lower SOC than non-abused youth. Being a victim of physical abuse had a unique contribution on SOC, even after controlling for other parental strategies. Taken together, the results suggest that child physical abuse affects both the youth’s inner SOC as well as their reports of parental strategies in several ways. Implications for practice are discussed in this article.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019. Vol. 27, no 5, p. 502-519
Keywords [en]
Child physical abuse, parental strategies, sense of coherence, Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ), comparison
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79136DOI: 10.1177/1103308818801724ISI: 000485994500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-79136DiVA, id: diva2:1269158
Available from: 2018-12-09 Created: 2018-12-09 Last updated: 2019-10-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Putting words to child physical abuse: Possible consequences, the process of disclosure, and effects of treatment. From children’s perspectives
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Putting words to child physical abuse: Possible consequences, the process of disclosure, and effects of treatment. From children’s perspectives
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aim: The overall aim of the thesis is to explore the experiences and possible consequences concerning reported health and relations between a parent perpetrator of physical child abuse and the children who are victims of the parental physical abuse, the children’s thoughts when disclosing the abuse, and the impact of an intervention designed to support these children in a Swedish context – Combined Parent Child Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CPC-CBT). Methods: This thesis has a mix-method design. Study I and IV used different self-assessment scales, and the outcomes were analysed using descriptive statistics, paired-samples t test, independent t test, ANOVA, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical linear regression. Study II and III consisted of interviews with 15 (Study II) and 20 (Study III) children, respectively. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The results suggest that experiencing child physical abuse affects the relationship between a parent and a child as well as the child’s wellbeing in several ways. However, the results also suggest that participating in the CPC-CBT intervention could decrease parents’ use of violence and increase the child’s wellbeing. In addition, the results suggest that trust and participation influence whether a child discloses abuse and contributes to the success of treatment. Conclusion: The CPC-CBT could be seen as a successful turning point for the participating children, shifting from one trajectory (living in fear of violence) to another (living without fear). Furthermore, when children disclose to adults about their physical abuse, it is important that the adults recognise the children’s participatory rights and strive to earn their trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2019
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 351/2019
Keywords
child physical abuse, disclosure, participation, CPC-CBT, intervention
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82396 (URN)978-91-88898-57-9 (ISBN)978-91-88898-58-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-24, IKEA, Hus N, Växjö, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-07-30Bibliographically approved

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Thulin, JohannaKjellgren, Cecilia

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