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Kan skolbaserad fysisk aktivitet påverka elevers skolprestationer?: En litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: In today's society, children and young people spend a lot of their awake time with quiet activities in their free time, such computer use. It contributes to little physical activity and a passive lifestyle. The curriculum for elementary school, preschool class and leisure time (2011, Rev. 2Nf 017) emphasizes the importance of offering all students physical activity during school day. Research shows that physical activity inter alia affects the brain and pupils' school results.

Purpose: The purpose of this literature study was to study what research says about school-based physical activity and its possible impact on pupils (7-15 years) school performance? Method: A systematically studied literature study involving research in the field of school-based physical activity and pupils' school achievements. The literature search was done in the databases One Search, ERIC and PubMed. Inclusions and exclusion criteria were used to demarcate the search. The study selected seven articles that focused on school-based physical activity and included students between the ages of 7- 15 years. The articles were reviewed and evaluated by SBU's review template to see its relevance to the study. The articles are presented in a table of purpose, design and results.

Result: The articles in showed different results. Most results were optimistic and showed that school-based physical activity positively affected pupils' school performance. Other studies show a slight impact or no impact. School-based moderate to vigorous physical activity showed positive improvement in students' academic study results. Aerobic exercise proved to be more effective than moderate physical activity.

Conclusion: Promoting physical activity in schools through implementation of curriculum-based intervention programs can improve pupils' school performance in terms of better academic outcomes and concentration. Especially with the academically weakest students. This indicates that there are positive links between physical activity and pupils' school achievements.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I dagens samhälle tillbringar barn och ungdomar mycket av sin vakna tid med stilla sittande aktiviteter på fritiden som till exempel användande av datorer. Det bidrar till för lite fysisk aktivitet och en passiv livsstil. I läroplanen för grundskola, förskoleklass och fritidshem (2011, revid. 2017) poängteras vikten av att erbjuda samtliga elever fysisk aktivitet under skoldagen. Forskning visar att fysisk aktivitet bland annat påverkar hjärnan och elevernas skolresultat.

Syfte: Syftet med den här litteraturstudien var att studera vad forskning säger om skolbaserad fysisk aktivitet och dess eventuella påverkan på elevers (7-15 år) skolprestationer?

Metod: En systematisk granskad litteraturstudie där forskning inom området skolbaserad fysisk aktivitet och elevers skolprestationer. Litteratursökningen gjordes i databaserna OneSearch, ERIC och PubMed. Inklusions och exklusionskriterier användes för att avgränsa sökandet. Till studien valdes sju artiklar som handlade om skolbaserad fysiska aktivitet och inkluderade elever i åldrarna mellan 7-15 år. Artiklarna granskades och bedömdes med SBU:s granskningsmall för att se dess relevans för studien. Artiklarna presenteras i en tabell med syfte, design och resultat.

Resultat: Artiklarna i visade på varierade resultat. De flesta resultaten var optimistiska och visade att skolbaserad fysiska aktivitet påverkade elevers skolprestationer positivt. Andra studier visar på en liten påverkan eller ingen påverkan. Skolbaserad måttlig till intensiv fysisk aktivitet visade positiv förbättring av elevernas akademiska studieresultat. Den aeroba träningen visade sig ha större påverkan än måttlig fysisk aktivitet.

Slutsats: Att främja fysisk aktivitet i skolan via genomförande av läroplansbaserade interventionsprogram kan förbättra elevers skolprestationer i form av bättre akademiska resultat och koncentrationsförmåga. Framförallt hos de akademiskt svagaste eleverna. Det tyder på att det finns positiva kopplingar mellan fysisk aktivitet och elevers skolprestationer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keywords [sv]
Fysisk aktivitet, barn, grundskola, övning, akademisk prestation, akademisk och kognitiv funktion
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences Other Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-79281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-79281DiVA, id: diva2:1272498
Subject / course
Biomedicine
Educational program
Health Science Programme with Specialisation in Bio Sciences, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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