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Physical exercise to determine resilience: Hormesic processes arising from physiologic perturbation
University of Gothenburg.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9132-8615
2019 (English)In: Journal of Public Health and General Medicine, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The propensity for regular and repeated physical exercise to induce and maintain ahormesic effect upon health parameters over a broad range of disorder conditions through the progression of resilience to neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes, stroke, sarcopenia, osteopenia, immunosenescence, and metabolic syndrome has been examined. Beyond the alleviation fragility, fatigue, stress-distress and selective vulnerability perturbations induced by different forms of physical exercise may induce hormesis and/or autophagy, through the disruption of homeostasis and manifestation of adaptive responses, to instigate multi-layered resilience. The hormesis challenges, accomplished through daily exercise, the promotion of resilience at molecular, cellular, tissue, e.g. muscle, and organ, e.g. brain, immune-functioning, bone material, physiological and behaviour-expressive levels, have been observed both from pathophysiological and etiogenetic dimensions. Regular exercise over extended periods (optimally years and decades, preferably lifelong) is expected to shift the inverted-U shaped hormesis curve to the right thereby conferred resistance to disease and ill-being and ensuring strength and health advantages. It seems likely that chronic, regular exercise, consisting of suitable proportions of endurance and resistance type, performed daily over months, years or decades ought to instigate some manner of ‘behavioural sensitization’ whereby the health benefits of equivalent levels of exercise escalate incrementally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Vagus Inprosys , 2019. Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-10
Keywords [en]
hormesis, exercise, endurance, resistance, sarcopenia, osteopenia, metabolic syndrome, neurodegeneration health, well-being
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Sciences, Psychology; Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-80101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-80101DiVA, id: diva2:1284291
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Lindahl, Mats

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf