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How to stand the nursing profession: A study of proactive antecedents, self-efficacy, and organizational factors, and the mediation of cognitive appraisals on the outcome of stress and anxiety among nurses
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In the light of present problems with stress related illness in organizations, often affecting women working in health care, the purpose of the current study was to examine proactive and malleable factors that could influence nurse’s perception of work stressors. Based on a model, self-efficacy and grouped organizational factors were examined as antecedents to the outcome of anxiety and stress via cognitive appraisals. The mediating role of the cognitive appraisals was further examined. The sample consists of 117 nurses and assistant nurses of which 112 were females working at a hospital in southern Sweden. The analyses were conducted with simple and multiple regressions. The result revealed that self-efficacy and the organizational factor together serve as antecedents to cognitive appraisals of stress, however, contrary to previous research, not to all appraisals. The mediating role of the cognitive appraisals showed that the harm appraisal mediate the relation between the organizational factor and the outcome of both anxiety and stress. The threat appraisal is found to partly mediate the relation between the organizational factor and the anxiety outcome as well as the stress outcome. The result further showed a none mediation role for the challenge appraisal between any of the antecedents and the outcomes, which suggest that the challenge appraisal do not serve as an underlying mechanism in either relationship. Other relations in the model are further shown and discussed in the study together with limitations, implications and suggestions of future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Self-efficacy, support from co-workers, support from manager, trust in manager, fairness, cognitive appraisal, antecedents, positive psychology, stress, stressors, proactive, malleable, anxiety, nurses, assistant nurses.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-81352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-81352DiVA, id: diva2:1299620
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psychology, work and organizational psychology, Master Programme, 120 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-03-27 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 591 kBChecksum SHA-512
3d18c049372f5fd358ebc300bfd9b9a588f9b037b03cf8bbb1b456164e7a4c0e1fba971786fdd8194a9ca5f60730100f60e7100e8dc8535a350a8724aa28c124
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf