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Properties and characteristics of novel formaldehyde-free wood adhesives prepared from Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu seed kernel extracts
Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stellenbosch University, South Africa. (GoFP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8790-8964
Stellenbosch University, Department of Forest and Wood Science.
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, ISSN 0143-7496, E-ISSN 1879-0127, Vol. 95, article id 102423Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is renewed interest in the domestication of Irvingia tree species due to the potential use of various parts of the tree as raw materials for a wide range of applications such as biodiesel production, cosmetics, perfumes, soap, weight-loss supplement etc. The current study investigates the properties of extracts from the seed kernels of two Irvingia species – Irvingia gabonensis (IG) and Irvingia wombolu (IW) as natural wood adhesives. Three extraction methods using various solvent/solute media were compared in terms of yield, composition and mechanical properties. Statistically, the analysis revealed significant differences between the different extraction methods. The adhesion properties of the extracts were tested on wood veneers according to the American Society for Testing and Materials standard (ASTM D – 906-64). The shear strength of the extracts ranged from 0.55 to 1.5 MPa and 0.86 to 1.7 MPa for IG and IW, respectively. The initial decomposition temperature of all Irvingia Kernel extract ranges from 138.3 – 149.11 oC for IG and 129.5 – 145.3 oC for IW. As a result, the hot melt temperature for the adhesive experiments was set around 150 oC. The results indicate that Irvingia kernel extract is a more promising source of non-formaldehyde based adhesives in wood composite production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 95, article id 102423
Keywords [en]
Formaldehyde-free; Irvingia gabonensis; Irvingia wombolu; Natural adhesive; Wood composites
National Category
Wood Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-87488DOI: 10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2019.102423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-87488DiVA, id: diva2:1341730
Projects
Development of formaldehyde-free wood composite binderAvailable from: 2019-08-10 Created: 2019-08-10 Last updated: 2019-09-04Bibliographically approved

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