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Genetic differentiation between and within ecotypes of pike (Esox lucius) in the Baltic Sea
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
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2019 (English)In: Aquatic conservation, ISSN 1052-7613, E-ISSN 1099-0755Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aquatic systems often lack physical boundaries for gene flow, but ecological and behavioural barriers can form surprisingly fine spatial scale genetic patterns that challenge traditional, large scale management. To detect fine spatial scale structures, understand sources of intraspecific diversity, and design appropriate management plans requires identification of reproductively isolated units. This study reports on genetic differentiation in pike (Esox lucius) within a coastal area stretching 55 km from south to north in the central Baltic Sea. Pike is here an economically and ecologically important top predator that has declined in abundance. However, population structures have mostly been studied on large spatial scales, and without considering the potential for genetic divergence between the sympatric anadromous fresh water and the resident brackish water spawning ecotypes. To this end, 487 individuals from the east coast of Sweden and the island of oland, representing sympatric anadromous and resident spawning individuals, categorized to ecotype based on spawning location or otolith microchemistry, were genotyped for 10 microsatellites and used to test for divergence between ecotypes. Furthermore, divergence between regions (island/mainland), neighbouring spawning locations (n = 13) and isolation by distance within and between regions were evaluated for the anadromous ecotype. The results revealed strong genetic differences between regions, between spawning locations separated by as little as 5 km and the first evidence of genetic differentiation between resident and anadromous ecotypes; despite a high dispersal capacity of pike and a high connectivity within the study area. The signatures of isolation by distance indicated that connectivity among populations differed between regions, probably reflecting availability of spawning habitats. To safeguard against the challenges and uncertainties associated with environmental change, adaptive conservation management should aim to promote high intra-population functional genetic diversity without compromising the continued integrity and coexistence of the different ecotypes and of locally adapted sub-populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019.
Keywords [en]
biodiversity, brackish, climate, coastal, fish, fishing, genetics, migration, wetland
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88825DOI: 10.1002/aqc.3196ISI: 000481341300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-88825DiVA, id: diva2:1346925
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29

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Nordahl, OscarKoch-Schmidt, PerSunde, JohannaYildirim, YeserinTibblin, PetterForsman, AndersLarsson, Per

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Nordahl, OscarKoch-Schmidt, PerSunde, JohannaYildirim, YeserinTibblin, PetterForsman, AndersLarsson, Per
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Department of Biology and Environmental Science
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Aquatic conservation
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