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Definicije počinitelja ratnog nasilja i žrtve: Sociološka analiza nasilja u koncentracijskim logorima za vrijeme rata u Bosni i Hercegovini: (Definitions of the perpetrator of war violence and the victim: Sociological analysis of violence in concentration camp during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University, Sweden. (Kriminal- och socialvetenskapligt nätverk;Institutet för kunskaps- och metodutveckling inom ungdoms- och missbruksvård (IKM);Centrum för specialpedagogisk forskning (CSF))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6151-0934
2018 (Croatian)In: Proceedings of the Faculty of Law in Tuzla, ISSN 2303-8632, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 44-73, article id UDK: 316.624:343.819.5(497.6)Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes the experiences retold by former concentration camp detainees who were placed in  concentration camps like civilians at the beginning of the Bosnian war in the 1990s. The article aims to analyze the narratives of war violence in concentration camp as well as identifying how the perpetrators of war violence and victims are symbolically defined in stories. In these descriptions, the perpetrator is defined as a dangerous, evil, and ideal enemy. He is portrayed as a real and powerful yet alien criminal. When informants emphasize extermination and the systematization of war violence in the camps during the war, they produce and reproduce the image of violence that is organized and conducted on a daily basis. The aim of this verbalb emphasis seems to be that the described acts of violence in the camps, after the war obtain the status of an organized war violence - genocide. By defining the perpetrators of war violence, the interviewed in the study implicitly point out the complementary opposition of the perpetrator - a victim of violence. The victim is presented as pre-war acquaintance, friends and neighbors of the perpetrators of violence. Victim of violence is defined as tired, dying in agony, inferior, de-humanized, stamped and helplessly left to the mercy of the perpetrators of war violence. Leading people to only one primary (deadly) collective identity exists at every place where the “ethnic identity” of people is considered more important than their personal, individual, civic, professional human identity. The merging of ethnonational identities into a completely homogeneous, massive, unique collective identity, which is substantially or (totally) different from some others - perfectly matches reproduction and the creation of new forms of violence.

Abstract [hr]

Ovaj članak analizira prepričana iskustva bivših logoraša koji su kao civili odvedeni u koncentracijske logore početkom rata u Bosni i Hercegovini 1990-ih godina. Cilj je članka analizirati priče o ratnom nasilju u koncentracijskim logorima i identificirati kako se počinitelji ratnog nasilja i žrtve simbolično definiraju u pričama. Priče o nasilju u logoru definiraju počinitelja nasilja kao nekoga tko je opasan, zao, idealan neprijatelj, kao pravi ali udaljeni zločinac. Kad ispitanici u studiji naglašavaju istrebljenje i sustavnost ratnog nasilja u logorima tijekom rata, oni produciraju i reproduciraju sliku nasilja koje je organizirano i koje se provodi svakodnevno. Čini se da je cilj toga verbalnog isticanja da opisana djela nasilja u logorima poslije rata dobiju status organiziranog ratnog zločina – genocida. Definiranjem počinitelja ratnog nasilja ispitanici u studiji implicitno ističu komplementarnu suprotnost počinitelja – žrtvu nasilja. Žrtva je predstavljena kao prijeratni poznanik, prijatelji i susjed izvršitelja nasilja. Žrtva nasilja definirana je kao umorna, posustala u agoniji, kao inferiorna, dehumanizirana, žigosana i kao bespomoćna, ostavljena na milost i nemilost počiniteljima ratnog nasilja. Svođenje ljudi samo na jedan primarni (ubojit) kolektivni identitet, postoji na svakom mjestu gdje se „etnički identitet“ ljudi smatra važnijim od njihova osobnog, individualnog, građanskog, profesionalnog ljudskog identiteta. Spajanje etnonacionalnih identiteta u potpuno homogeni, masovni, jedinstveni kolektivni identitet, a koji se znatno ili (potpuno) razlikuje od nekih drugih – savršeno odgovara reprodukciji i stvaranju novih oblika nasilja.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2018. Vol. 4, no 2, p. 44-73, article id UDK: 316.624:343.819.5(497.6)
Keywords [en]
genocide, alien criminal, extermination, systematized war violence, organized war violence, verbal emphasis, collective identity, ethnic identity, ethnonational identity
Keywords [hr]
genocid, udaljeni zločinac, istrjebljenje, sustavno ratno nasilje, organizirano ratno nasilje, verbalno isticanje, kolektivni identitet, etnički identitet, etnonacionalni identitet
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies; Police Science, Criminology; Law; Social Work, Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-88906OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-88906DiVA, id: diva2:1347825
Note

Published August 23, 2019

Available from: 2019-09-02 Created: 2019-09-02 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Basic, Goran

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