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Preceptors’ experiences of student supervision in the emergency medical services: a qualitative interview study
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). (Centre of Interprofessional Collaboration within Emergency care (CICE))
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8115-5359
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). (Centre of Interprofessional Collaboration within Emergency care (CICE))
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2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 84, s. 1-8, artikkel-id 104223Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Clinical placements play a central part in the education of future emergency medical services (EMS) staff and their development of clinical skills and competence. A key aspect of students' integration of theory and praxis and development into an independent clinician is a supportive mentorship with the preceptor. However, students report barriers for learning within the EMS, while the preceptors' experiences of their role have received scant attention in research.

Objectives

To describe preceptors' experiences of student supervision in the EMS during clinical placements.

Design

A descriptive qualitative design was used.

Participants and setting

Twenty specialist nurses were recruited among EMS staff from all parts of Sweden.

Methods

Data were collected using individual interviews and analyzed with latent qualitative content analysis.

Findings

EMS preceptors develop a competence in combining caring and learning adapted to individual student needs when facing students with varying needs in an ever-changing healthcare setting. A trustful relationship between student and preceptor is fundamental when coping with a dual responsibility for student and patient needs. However, several aspects in the EMS setting hinders the preceptors' ability to support the development of the students' independence. Surrounding support structures are important if the preceptors are to feel safe and secure in their role as assessor, teacher and ambulance nurse.

Conclusions

Preceptors need to develop a didactic flexibility through preceptor courses adapted to the complex premises found in the EMS. Ambulance services and universities should recognize the importance of preceptors´ colleagues, student continuity, university support and cooperation for improving quality and clarity in supervision during clinical placements.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 84, s. 1-8, artikkel-id 104223
Emneord [en]
Ambulance nurse, Clinical placement, Emergency medical services, Learning environment, Preceptor, Specialist nurse, Supervision
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Hälsovetenskap, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-89785DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2019.104223ISI: 000501643800031PubMedID: 31726285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-89785DiVA, id: diva2:1365232
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-24 Laget: 2019-10-24 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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Wallin, KimHörberg, UlricaWerkander Harstäde, CarinaElmqvist, CarinaBremer, Anders

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