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Quantification of different silicon fractions in broadleaf and conifer forests of northern China and consequent implications for biogeochemical Si cycling
Tianjin University, China.
Tianjin University, China.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0635-3718
Shenyang Agricultural University, China.
2020 (English)In: Geoderma, ISSN 0016-7061, E-ISSN 1872-6259, Vol. 361, p. 1-10, article id 114036Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The terrestrial biogeochemical silicon (Si) cycle significantly contributes to maintaining the functions and sustainability of terrestrial ecosystems. Over the short term, the biogeochemical Si cycle can be strongly influenced by dissolved Si, organic bound Si, Si adsorbed to pedogenic oxides/hydroxides, and biogenic and pedogenic amorphous Si. However, quantitative studies about these relatively soluble Si fractions are rare. In this study, we quantified different Si fractions in the 0–10 cm, 10–20 cm, 20–30 cm, 30–40 cm and 40–50 cm soil layers of broadleaf forests (Betula forest and Quercus forest) and conifer forests (Larix forest and Pinus forest) in northern China using a sequential chemical extraction scheme optimized for these Si fractions. The results showed that the total Si (Sit) in the soil layers consisted of 97.7–98.5% crystalline Si (Sicry) and 1.5–2.3% non-crystalline Si (Sinoncry) fractions. Within the Sinoncry fraction, the proportions of dissolved Si (Sidis), organic matter bound Si (Siorg), pedogenic oxides/hydroxides chemisorbed Si (Sisorb), and amorphous Si (Siamor) were 3.4–6.7%, 5.5–8.9%, 6.3–8.5%, and 77.7–84.8%, respectively. Although the Sidis fraction was the least abundant component, it is at the center of the interconversion processes among the different Sinoncry fractions. The Siamor fraction was the largest component of Sinoncry and was composed of 37.7–71.9% biogenic amorphous Si (Sibio-amor) and 28.1–62.3% pedogenic amorphous Si (Siped-amor). Our study indicated that i) Siped-amor fraction is more easily influenced by soil pH comparing to Sibio-amor fraction; ii) the Sibio-amor fraction contributes more to the biogeochemical Si cycle in broadleaf forests, whereas the Siped-amorfraction contributes more in conifer forests; and iii) soil pH, soil organic matter, and plant community differences can influence the vertical distribution of the different Sinoncry fractions and thus affect the multiple transformation processes among these Si fractions in studied forests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 361, p. 1-10, article id 114036
Keywords [en]
Sequential chemical extraction, Relatively soluble Si fractions, Si bioavailability, Biogenic amorphous Si, Pedogenic amorphous Si, Forest soils
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90947DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114036ISI: 000510804700034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-90947DiVA, id: diva2:1385959
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-03-12Bibliographically approved

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Yu, Changxun

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