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Between Fall and Fall-Rise: Substance-Function Relations in German Phrase-Final Intonation Contours
Lund University.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5324-3071
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Phonetica, ISSN 0031-8388, E-ISSN 1423-0321, Vol. 62, s. 196-214Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates an intonation contour of German whose status has not been established yet: a globally falling contour with a slight rise at the very end of the phrase (FSR). The contour may be said to lie on a phonetic continuum between falling (F) and falling-rising (FR) contours. It is hypothesized that F, FR and FSR differ with respect to their communicative functions: F is terminal, FR is non-terminal, and FSR is pseudo-terminal, respectively. The hypotheses were tested in two steps. First, measurements in a labelled corpus of spontaneous speech provided the necessary background information on the phonetics of the contours. In the second step, the general hypothesis was approached in a perceptual experiment using the paradigm of a semantic differential: 49 listeners judged 17 systematically generated stimuli on nine semantic scales, such as ‘impolite/polite’. The hypotheses were generally confirmed. Both F and FSR were associated with a conclusive statement, while FR was more likely to be judged as marking a question. FSR differs from F in that it does not express features such as categoricalness, dominance or impoliteness. The results are interpreted as an instance of the frequency code: the addition of a slight rise means avoidance of extremely low F0; the functional consequence is a reduction of communicated dominance.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Basel: S. Karger, 2005. Vol. 62, s. 196-214
Nationell ämneskategori
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Lingvistik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-82404DOI: 10.1159/000090098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-82404DiVA, id: diva2:1411585
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-04 Skapad: 2020-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-04

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