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On the estrablishment of effective condition monitoring parameters for copper corrosion problems in mineral oil-filled electrical transformers
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2634-3987
2021 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The power transformer is a critical equipment in which the protection process is essential for modern societies where continuous electric power supplies are required. Copper corrosion problems due to the formation of sulfur deposits on the copper windings of mineral oil-filled power transformers are considered a major issue that can lead to sudden failures, and in some cases, to costly fire and explosion accidents in the power plants. These kinds of problems are still being reported regardless of available condition monitoring (CM) parameters applied in power transformers' maintenance strategy. The currently applied CM parameters are based on three different types of technologies. The first is oil analysis focuses more on measurable variables such as measuring the concentration of the corrosive sulfur compounds in the insulating oil, evaluating the oil's capability to form sulfur deposits, and measuring an increase in the concentration of specific gases. The second is on-site electrical testing focuses on the variation of the transformer's electrical properties due to the sulfur deposits. The measurable variables used in the electrical testing are Frequency Domain Spectroscopy test and Polarization/Depolarization Current test. The last is online sensor technology using Corrosive Sulfur Sensor, where the sensor's outcome data provide information about the oil's capability to form sulfur deposits. The research problem addressed is how to establish more effective CM parameters for early detection of copper corrosion problems.  The research problem is divided into three concretized research problems: What are the strengths and weaknesses of the currently applied condition monitoring parameters? Which measurable variables could be utilized to improve the currently applied condition monitoring parameters to be more effective for early detection of copper corrosion problems? And how to establish a procedure for the condition monitoring for detecting copper corrosion? Two research methodologies were applied to answer these questions, literature review and experimental work. The literature review showed significant gaps in the currently applied CM parameters for early detection of copper corrosion problems due to incomplete data of the corrosion reaction mechanism. Therefore, qualitative and quantitative investigations in the experimental work were carried out. The most important result was finding new relevant measurable variables, i.e. hydrogen sulfide gas and toluene compound, which are by-products of corrosion reaction. These measurable variables are utilized to establish more effective CM parameters for early detection of copper corrosion problems. The main conclusion of this thesis is the importance of detection corrosion problems in the initial stage by implementing more effective CM parameters to prevent catastrophic and costly failures, reduce the negative impacts on human life and the environment, and save the economic losses. Another conclusion is the importance of regularly following the measurable variables' uptrend during transformer useful life to avoid incorrect evaluation of corrosion conditions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2021. , s. 46
Serie
Lnu Licentiate ; 34
Nyckelord [en]
condition monitoring parameters, corrosion problems, sulfur deposits, corrosion reaction mechanisms, transformer failures, CBM.
Nationell ämneskategori
Maskinteknik
Forskningsämne
Teknik, Maskinteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-99899Libris ID: 2fmfp490031p66ggISBN: 978-91-89283-37-4 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-91-89283-38-1 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-99899DiVA, id: diva2:1517133
Presentation
2021-01-22, 10:00 (Engelska)
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-14 Skapad: 2021-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Licentiate Thesis (Comprehensive Summary)(9185 kB)351 nedladdningar
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