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Marknad och medborgare: - elevers valhandlingar i gymnasieutbildningens integrations- och differentieringsprocesser
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9043-4141
2006 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Educational restructuring is an international phenomenon which emphasises a voucher system, upper secondary schools’ local decision-making and pupils’ choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. For this reason upper secondary programmes and courses on offer, together with the pupils’ individual choices, have a direct impact on what could be called the upper-secondary education market. In terms of teaching subject matter, upper secondary education is, at the same time, broadened by means of introducing three-year programmes for all pupils as well as core subjects. The aim of this doctoral thesis is to develop a deeper understanding of how pupils’ actions of choice create different sorts of integration and differentiation processes within the restructured upper secondary education.

In the light of Jürgen Habermas’ theory of communicative action combined with Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis, pupils’ actions of choice have been studied within four pedagogical practices: (i) choice of upper secon-dary school, (ii) choice of upper secondary programme, (iii) pupils’ initial time at an upper secondary school and how they cope with the specific culture within a programme as well as choice of courses and subjects, and (iv) pupils’ own sto-ries and points of view on how a core subject, namely Swedish, was taught.

Some of the results demonstrate that pupils’ actions of choice can be voca-tion-oriented, career-oriented and consumption-oriented. It is argued that these different types of actions of choice are constituted within a market discourse. The market discourse demands that pupils are able to make suitable choices to achieve an individualistic qualification. From that point of view upper secondary education’s integration and differentiation processes aim at developing citizens' personal opportunities in order for them to benefit to their best ability from what society has to offer. Other results demonstrate that pupils’ group-oriented, inter-est-oriented and tradition-oriented actions of choice are built upon another type of discourse, which is about educating pupils towards active citizenship. It has an inter-subjective point of departure. Pupils are driven into the integration and dif-ferentiation process where they discuss and take a stand in favour of those educa-tional options, which are conceived as the most relevant in relation to a “self-determining ethical-cultural community”. The analysis of these two paramount discourses indicates that pupils' integration and differentiation processes are am-biguous.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2006. , p. 241
Series
Acta Wexionensia, ISSN 1404-4307 ; 82/2006
Keywords [en]
educational reform, school choice, youth, social change, critical dis-course analysis, upper secondary education
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Pedagogics and Educational Sciences, Pedagogics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-431ISBN: 91-7636-493-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-431DiVA, id: diva2:206731
Public defence
2006-03-03, Homeros, Pelarhuset, Växjö universitet, Växjö, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-02-10 Created: 2006-02-10 Last updated: 2015-12-03Bibliographically approved

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Lund, Stefan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • en-US
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Output format
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