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Den tredje åldern: - en kunskapsöversikt
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna kunskapsöversikt över forskning om den tredje åldern baseras på en explorativ kvalitativ genomgång av 112 huvudsakligen svenska och angolosachsiska vetenskapliga texter. Översikten visar att den tredje åldern dels kan definieras som en homogen kategori av resursstarka och aktiva äldre personer, dels som ett perspektiv som fokuserar vad som uppfattas som det positiva, produktiva och aktiva åldrandet och dels som en social livsfas vilken inkluderar en heterogen grupp äldre personer med såväl sociala problem som möjligheter.

Abstract [en]

This literature review investigates the current knowledge base on the  third age and reflects on its implications for further research. It pays  special attention to how the third age has been defined and how the  concept has been discussed in different countries. When it comes to  empirical research, focus is mainly on Swedish circumstances and social  aspects. “Social aspects” is defined as issues concerning the relation  between people as well as the relation between individuals, public  organisations and the market.  The literature review uses a qualitative explorative analysis of  scientific literature written in Swedish and English. The analysed material  consists of 112 texts that are primarily written in sociology and social  gerontology, but also in social work, pedagogic and psychology. The  authors of the literature have mainly been active in Great Britain,  Sweden and the US, but also in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland,  France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland and Germany. In  this literature review, 56 of the texts in the material are presented. These  references provide a representative picture of the content of the whole  material.  The result of the literature review shows that the history of the  concept “the third age” goes back to course activities at the University of  Michigan in the 1940s. However, the concept has been established in  Sweden during the last 10 years. The third age, as defined by researchers,  is a social life stage that starts with old-age retirement and ends with  dependency on others in order to manage everyday life. On the basis of  this definition, this life stage begins with an institutionalised transition  and ends with physical decline due to ageing. Typically, people in the  third age, are described as relatively wealthy and healthy (see for example  Carnegie 1993, Larsson 2007, Laslett 1989, Wink & James 2006).  Furthermore research has linked the meaning of the third age to a  specific life style distinguished by self-fulfilment and activity. “Third-  agers” are described as old-age pensioners who are independent, have  leisure time, are relatively wealthy and healthy and are directed towards  self-fulfilment through different types of activity. Rather than being a  social life stage that includes a heterogeneous group of older people,  social problems and possibilities, the third age turns into a homogenous  category of resourceful and active older people or a perspective that focuses  on the “positive” and “productive” aspects of later life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: IVOSA , 2009. , p. 64
Series
Rapportserie i socialt arbete: Växjö universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, ISSN 1652-8573 ; 2009:1
Keywords [sv]
tredje åldern, yngre äldre, socialgerontologi, Baby boomers, kunskapsöversikt
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-5254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-5254DiVA, id: diva2:221709
Available from: 2009-06-05 Created: 2009-06-05 Last updated: 2010-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Thelin, Angelika

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CiteExportLink to record
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