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Good and bad opposites: using textual and experimental techniques to measure antonym canonicity
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities. (The Complexica Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7240-9003
Lund University. (The Complexica Group)
University of Manchester. (The Complexica Group)
2009 (English)In: The Mental Lexicon, ISSN 1871-1340, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 380-429Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The goal of this paper is to combine corpus methodology with experimentalmethods to gain insights into the nature of antonymy as a lexico-semantic relationand the degree of antonymic canonicity of word pairs in language and inmemory. Two approaches to antonymy in language are contrasted, the lexicalcategorical model and the cognitive prototype model. The results of the investigationsupport the latter model and show that different pairings have differentlevels of lexico-semantic affinity. At this general level of categorization, empiricalmethods converge; however, since they measure slightly different aspect of lexico-semantic opposability and affinity, and since the techniques of investigationare different in nature, we obtain slightly conflicting results at the more specificlevels. We conclude that some antonym pairs can be diagnosed as “canonical”on the strength of three indicators: textual co-occurrence, individual judgementabout “goodness” of opposition, and elicitation evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins , 2009. Vol. 4, no 3, p. 380-429
Keywords [en]
adjective, antonym, contrast, synonym, gradable, prototype
National Category
Languages and Literature
Research subject
Humanities, English
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vxu:diva-6319DOI: 10.1075/ml.4.3.04parOAI: oai:DiVA.org:vxu-6319DiVA, id: diva2:279355
Available from: 2009-12-03 Created: 2009-12-02 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf