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Isotope signatures in winter moulted feathers predict malaria prevalence in a breeding avian host
Högskolan i Kalmar, Naturvetenskapliga institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1152-4235
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2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Oecologia, ISSN 0029-8549, E-ISSN 1432-1939, Vol. 158, nr 2, s. 299-306Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

It is widely accepted that animal distribution and migration strategy might have co-evolved in relation to selection pressures exerted by parasites. Here, we first determined the prevalence and types of malaria blood parasites in a breeding population of great reed warblers Acrocephalus arundinaceus using PCR. Secondly, we tested for differences in individual feather stable isotope signatures (δ 13C, δ 15N, δD and δ 34S) to investigate whether malaria infected and non-infected birds had occupied different areas in winter. We show that birds moulting in Afro-tropical habitats with significantly higher δ 13C and δ 15N but lower δD and δ34S values were more frequently infected with malaria parasites. Based on established patterns of isotopic distributions, our results indicate that moulting sites with higher incidence of malaria are generally drier and situated further to the north in West Africa than sites with lower incidence of malaria. Our findings are pertinent to the general hypothesis that animal distribution and particularly avian migration strategy might evolve in response to selection pressures exerted by parasites at different geographic scales. Tradeoffs between investment in energy demanding life history traits (e.g. migration and winter moult) and immune function are suggested to contribute to the particular choice of habitat during migration and at wintering sites.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2008. Vol. 158, nr 2, s. 299-306
Nationell ämneskategori
Mikrobiologi
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap, Zoonotisk ekologi; Naturvetenskap, Mikrobiologi; Biomedicinsk vetenskap, Virologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-1915DOI: 10.1007/s00442-008-1138-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-1915DiVA, id: diva2:308963
Tillgänglig från: 2010-04-06 Skapad: 2010-04-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Waldenström, Jonas

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