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Biomass transportation
Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik. (Ecotechnology)
1996 (engelsk)Inngår i: Renewable energy, energy efficiency and the environment: World Renewable Energy Congress, 15-21 June 1996, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1996, s. 1033-1036Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Extensive utilisation of logging residues, straw, and energy crops will lead to short transportation distances and thus low transportation costs. The average distance of transportation of biomass to a large-scale conversion slant. suitable for electricitv or methanol uroduction using 300 000 drv tonne biomass vearlv, will be about 30 km in Sweden, if the conversion plant is located at the centre of ihe biomass production area. The estimated Swedish biomass potential of 430 PJ/yr is based on production conditions around 2015, assuming that 30% of the available arable land is used for energy crop production. With present production conditions, resulting in a biomass potential of 220 PJ/yr, the transportation distance is about 42 km. The cost of transporting biomass 30-42 km will be equivalent to 20-25% of the total biomass cost. The total energy efficiency of biomass production and transportation will be 9597%, where the energy losses from transportation are about 20%. Biomass transportation will contribute less than 10% to the total NO,, CO, and HC emissions from biomass production, transportation, and conversion

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
1996. s. 1033-1036
Serie
Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481 ; 9(1996):1/4,
Emneord [en]
Biomass, Transportation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik, Byggteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-15563DOI: 10.1016/0960-1481(96)88456-4Lokal ID: 1771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-15563DiVA, id: diva2:455101
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-11-18 Laget: 2011-11-08 Sist oppdatert: 2015-01-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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