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Social support as described by Foreign-and Swedish-born persons with diabetes living in Sweden.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. (SHV - Tidigare AMER)
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Social support can buffer stress. Diabetes self-care is demanding and causes stress. Migrants are particularly vulnerable as they need to adapt to life in the new country, migrational experiences, and broken/weak social networks. The aim was to explore meaning of support and impact on the life-situation in foreign-born persons diagnosed type 2 diabetes living inSweden in relation to gender, age, duration of diabetes. Purposive sample: 34 foreign-born persons, 24 ♂ and 10 ♀, 36-73 years.Most from Ex Yugoslavia and the Middle East, resident in Sweden 3-50 years (14.5 yrs Md). Most married, had children, 1/3 retired. Duration of diabetes 1-36 years, most treated with oral drugs or diet.

MIXED METHODS DESIGN: 1) Qualitative data: Semi-structured interviews, qualitative content analysis. 2) Quantitative data: Norbeck social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ), statistical analysis.

 FINDINGS: "The support I need most is firstly to learn to know how to organize my diabetes so that everything will be fine in my daily life. A plan to be able to manage diabetes, regular checks and investigations by specialists… learn to know what factors contribute to increased blood sugar…”   

Meaning of support/social support: MEDICAL SUPPORT - regular disease control, INFORMATIVE SUPPORT – knowledge how to manage diabetes. Limited support expressed in general; Men focused on information and communication about diabetes and women focused on financial aid as diabetes food is expensive, 3-4 times more than ordinary. 

Often diagnosed by physician in primary health care. Referred to specialized diabetes clinics, at hospital or in primary health care, often not until 1-2 years after being diagnosed! Then adequate support was perceived. Support needed ;  considered individual, related to severity of diabetes, and gender. 42% had lost an important relationship previous year. Limited number of persons in network, 5.7 (r 1-14) 

Diabetes self-care demands knowledge, informative and medical support is important to gain control. Informants perceived lack of support, particularly during being diagnosed, in contact with physicians and primary health care.Adequate support – information, regular follow-ups – is needed without delay from diagnosis by professionalstrained in diabetes care. The individuals own perception on support need to be searched for and in the context of socioeconomic factors.  

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keywords [en]
Migrants, social support, mixed methods
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-16255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-16255DiVA, id: diva2:467861
Conference
ERASMUS seminar May 2011 at University of Athes. In collaboration with City Univ, London , Univ of Athens Greece, and Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Note
INTERNTIONAL ERASMUS SEMINAR AT UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS, GREECE, IN CO-OPERATION WITH LINNAEUS UNIVERSITY, VÄXJÖ, SWEDEN, and CITY UNIVERSITY, LONDON, UK.Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2011-12-20 Last updated: 2011-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Hjelm, Katarina

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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