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The chemical and environmental property space of REACH chemicals
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, NV.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9382-9296
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, NV.
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 87, nr 8, s. 975-981Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The European regulation on chemicals, REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals), came into force on 1 June 2007. With pre-registration complete in 2008, data for these substances may provide an overview of the expected chemical space and its characteristics. In this paper, using various in silico computation tools, we evaluate 48782 neutral organic compounds from the list to identify hazardous and safe compounds. Two different classification schemes (modified Verhaar and ECOSAR) identified between 17% and 25% of the compounds as expressing only baseline toxicity (narcosis). A smaller portion could be identified as reactive (19%) or specifically acting (2.7%), while the majority were non-assigned (61%). Overall environmental persistence, bioaccumulation and long-range transport potential were evaluated using structure-activity relationships and a multimedia fugacity-based model. A surprisingly high proportion of compounds (20%), mainly aromatic and halogenated, had a very high estimated persistence (> 195 d). The proportion of compounds with a very high estimated bioconcentration or bioaccumulation factor (> 5000) was substantially less (6.9%). Finally, a list was compiled of those compounds within the applicability domain of the models used, meeting both persistence and bioaccumulation criteria, and with a long-range transport potential comparable to PCB. This list of 68 potential persistent organic pollutants contained many well-known compounds (all halogenated), but notably also five fluorinated compounds that were not included in the EINECS inventory. This study demonstrates the usability of in silico tools for identification of potentially environmentally hazardous chemicals.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012. Vol. 87, nr 8, s. 975-981
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap, Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-17404DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.02.034Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84858745501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-17404DiVA, id: diva2:495995
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-02-09 Laget: 2012-02-09 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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