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From profession to product: Commodication of the Swedish audit profession 1989-2010
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV. (Forum för professionsstudier)
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU. (Forum för Professionsforskning)
2012 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation only (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

During the last three decades auditing has increasing been viewed as a commercial activities. The Big4 accounting firms are some of the largest consultant firms in the world, highly profitable and with increasing market shares. Tasks that earlier has been defined as professional services has increasingly became commoditized and marketed as other goods.

From the perspective of theory on profession the process of developing professional knowledge into marketable goods and it influence on the legitimacy of the profession is important issues.

 

This paper presents a study of how the professional association of Swedish auditors has presented this development and attempted to legitimacy it in the eyes of the profession and the general public in the association’s magazine between the years of 1989-2010. Building on Abbotts (1991) discussion on different forms of expertise knowledge and Suddaby and Greenwood (2001) discussion of commodification and commercialization of professional knowledge we discern four areas utilized by the Swedish audit profession for presenting and legitimizing commodification of the audit function: (1) attributes connected to the professional role of an auditors increasingly become depersonalized (2) the knowledge of the auditing processes become externalized and standardized in different audit standards (32) the development of so-called Multidisciplinary Practices implies an increasing product range in audit firms implying a less salient role for auditing within these firma (4) a transferring of this commodification from the large accounting firms to smaller audit firms through a translation of the professional association of “auditing” into a number different services (product differentiation). The contribution of the paper is to describe and theorize how a commodification of a profession is diffused and how commercial and professional forces co-operation in such transformation of the audit profession

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012.
Emneord [en]
Auditors, profession, commodification, professional development
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-22983OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-22983DiVA, id: diva2:577321
Konferanse
ESA-biannual conference, Ipswhich
Prosjekter
Från frithet under ansvar till ansvar under insyn
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareTilgjengelig fra: 2012-12-15 Laget: 2012-12-15 Sist oppdatert: 2015-04-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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