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All about balance?: a test of the Jack-of-all-trades theory among the self-employed in Sweden
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0702-5564
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)
Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). (Linnaeus University Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4068-2985
2014 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Researchers as well as policymakers often view self-employment as an important factor behind innovation and economic growth and policies that foster self-employment has been on the agenda in several European countries during the last decades. The Jack-of-all-trades theory argues that individuals with a balanced set of skills are more suitable for self-employment than others. In this paper we test this theory using Swedish Military Enlistment data. This data enables us to construct a measure of balance in endowed abilities that, incomparison to measures used in previous research, is less contaminated by endogeneity problems. Specifically, we measure balance in skills using the result from the tests of cognitive and non-cognitive ability taken at military enlistment. We find clear support for the Jack-of-all-trades theory, in the sense that the likelihood of being self-employed or switching into self-employment is higher for individuals who are more balanced in their in abilities. In addition, earnings from self-employment tend to be higher among individuals with a more balanced set of skills.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies , 2014. , s. 31
Serie
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies ; 2014:15
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ekonomi, Nationalekonomi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-38647DiVA, id: diva2:772792
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-12-17 Laget: 2014-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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