lnu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The spatial manifestation of inequality: Residential segregation in Sweden and its causes
Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The thesis examines the relationship between income inequality and residential segregation in Swedish cities. In recent years, in Sweden, much attention has been given to the direction of causality from residential segregation to income inequality. Residential segregation is considered to lead to a differentiation of opportunities between neighbourhoods and, therefore, to be a contributing factor to or even a major cause of income inequality in cities. The thesis focuses on the opposite direction of causality, from income inequality to residential segregation. In fact, residential segregation can also be seen as the spatial manifestation of existing disparities in income distribution, since residential location choices are always (although not exclusively) made within a predetermined framework of economic constraints.

Specifically, two research questions are addressed in this thesis. What institutional factors, in the Swedish context, favour the transformation of the social divide between specific population subgroups into a spatial divide between those groups? To what extent and in what ways does income inequality contribute to the development of residential segregation in Swedish cities?

The first part of the thesis explains why Swedish cities are characterized by higher levels of residential segregation than cities of other countries characterized by higher levels of income inequality. The historical and comparative analyses developed in the first two studies indicate that it is not so much the magnitude of immigration that accounts for this difference between Swedish cities and their more unequal counterparts in other countries but, rather, the institutional factors influencing the modes of incorporation of immigrants into cities.

The second part of the thesis analyses how, in recent decades, the increase in income inequality has influenced residential segregation patterns in Malmö and in the three major Swedish metropolitan areas. The third and the fourth study show that, during the studied period, the widening of income disparities between neighbourhoods mirrored the general upward trend in income inequality in the population. The growth of the immigrant population contributed only slightly to this trend and income inequality was primarily driven by changes in the distribution of market incomes. During the late study period, however, income sorting processes have played a steadily more important role in contributing to economic residential segregation. Therefore, neighbourhood-based urban policies have not succeeded to reverse, or even just impede, the trend towards an increased spatial clustering of poverty and wealth in Swedish cities.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015.
Serie
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 201/2015
Nyckelord [en]
residential segregation, income inequality, immigration, immigration policy regime, welfare state, housing, Sweden, Malmö, Genoa, Swedish metropolitan areas
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi; Samhällsvetenskap, Socialt arbete; Samhällsvetenskap, Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39308ISBN: 978-91-87925-32-0 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-39308DiVA, id: diva2:782524
Disputation
2015-02-27, Sal Myrdal, Hus K, Växjö, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-22 Skapad: 2015-01-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-01-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of ‘Areas of Outsiderness’ in Sweden: The Case of Landskrona
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of ‘Areas of Outsiderness’ in Sweden: The Case of Landskrona
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sociologica, ISSN 1971-8853, E-ISSN 1971-8853, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, ethnic residential segregation has been a problem associated traditionally with the largest metropolitan areas of the country. In recent years, however, growing attention has been paid to the areas of immigrant concentration located outside the largest metropolitan areas. Landskrona is one of the most renowned Swedish municipalities, among those located outside the largest metropolitan areas, in which the recent growth of the immigrant population has led to high levels of ethnic residential segregationand, therefore, to the appearance of what Swedish policy makers define as“areas of outsiderness”. Whereas Swedish debates on ethnic residential segregation are dominated by attention to the social and ethnic composition ofsegregated neighbourhoods, this article focuses on how immigrant settlement patterns in Landskrona have been influenced primarily by immigration policy developments over time as well as by the downscaling of this city within the Swedish urban hierarchy. In recent decades, Landskrona has in fact gone from being an economically buoyant and socially balanced industrial city into adeclining and polarized city which is struggling to find a new post-industrial identity. The growth of the immigrant population in Landskrona also has been encouraged by the general unravelling of the Swedish welfare state, which has been associated with an increase in regional imbalances in economic development as well as in housing availability and affordability.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bologna, Italy: Societa Editrice Il Mulino, 2015
Nyckelord
Rescaling, Immigration, Landskrona, Residential Segregation
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi; Humaniora, Kulturgeografi; Samhällsvetenskap, Socialt arbete
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39302 (URN)10.2383/81427 (DOI)000383896200006 ()2-s2.0-84956943223 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-21 Skapad: 2015-01-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Immigration Policy Regimes, Welfare States, and Urban Inequality Patterns: A Comparison between Malmö and Genoa
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Immigration Policy Regimes, Welfare States, and Urban Inequality Patterns: A Comparison between Malmö and Genoa
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 862-877Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a general consensus that welfare states influence urban inequality patterns in cities experiencing increases in immigration. Whereas much of existing research focused on the extent to which welfare states affect the well beingof immigrants after their admission, this study focuses on how immigration policy regimes affect the extent to which immigrant flows and the related labour supply match variations and fluctuations in the composition of demand in urban labour markets. In particular, the article develops a comparison between Malmö and Genoa, an Italian and a Swedish city with similar urban histories that display considerably different urban inequality patterns. Immigration to Malmö was fuelled largely by humanitarian emergencies in the countries of origin and occurred in a period of economic decline for the city. The growth of the immigrant population was associated with a worsening of the labour market situation for immigrants and an increase in ethnic residential segregation. Immigration to Genoa was mainly driven by demand for cheap labour, particularly in the private-care sector. Therefore, the growth of the immigrant population was associated with an ethnic segmentation of the labour market, but it also resulted in a more dispersed distribution of immigrants in this city than in Malmö. The differences in the urban inequality patterns in Malmö and Genoa can be only partly explained by policies affecting the living conditions of admitted immigrants. An important role has been also played by the immigration policy regimes of the two countries, which prescribed the integration potential of immigrant flows.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2016
Nyckelord
Immigration Policy Regime, Residential Segregation, Immigration, Urban Inequality
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Forskningsämne
Humaniora, Kulturgeografi; Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39304 (URN)10.1177/0969776415578199 (DOI)000385668100020 ()2-s2.0-84989877918 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-21 Skapad: 2015-01-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
3. The impact of income inequality on economic residential segregation: The case of Malmö, 1991–2010
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The impact of income inequality on economic residential segregation: The case of Malmö, 1991–2010
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, nr 5, s. 906-922Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

As in other Western countries, in Sweden there is a widespread conviction that residential segregation influences the opportunities for residents' social mobility and therefore is a cause of income inequality. But the opposite direction of causality, from income inequality to residential segregation, is often ignored. The paper fills this gap and analyses income inequality and economic residential segregation developments in Malmo in the years 1991-2010. During this period, changes in population composition owing to increased immigration had a negligible impact on income inequality, while the latter was primarily influenced by changes in the distribution of labour market earnings and capital incomes. At the same time, neighbourhood income inequality was predominantly driven by overall household income inequality and only to a much lower extent by the increase in residential sorting by income. Policy influencing income distribution rather than area-based strategies should thus be at the centre of current debates on residential segregation in Sweden

Nyckelord
Income inequality neighbourhood residential segregation Sweden welfare state retrenchment
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi; Samhällsvetenskap, Socialt arbete; Samhällsvetenskap, Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-33672 (URN)10.1177/0042098014529347 (DOI)000349452700006 ()2-s2.0-84922718202 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-08 Skapad: 2014-04-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Looking Beyond the Neighbourhood: Income Inequality and Residential Segregation in Swedish Metropolitan Areas, 1991-2010
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Looking Beyond the Neighbourhood: Income Inequality and Residential Segregation in Swedish Metropolitan Areas, 1991-2010
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 37, nr 7, s. 963-984Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, residential segregation has become a major issue in the Swedish policy debate. The prevailing view is that residential segregation is a crucial contributing factor for income inequality, since individual income prospects are thought to be influenced by the population characteristics of neighbourhoods of residence. This study focuses on the opposite direction of this causality and analyses the role of income inequality as an independent cause of residential segregation in Swedish metropolitan areas in the period 1991-2010. During this period, income inequality increased significantly. The widening of disparities between those in and out of employment contributed more than the widening of disparities between natives and immigrants to this development. The growth of residential segregation mirrored locally the general trend in income inequality. Income sorting processes also played a steadily more important role, and area-based initiatives did not succeed to counteract the tendency towards increased population homogeneity in neighbourhoods.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap, Sociologi; Samhällsvetenskap, Socialt arbete; Humaniora, Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-39306 (URN)10.1080/02723638.2015.1123448 (DOI)000387145800002 ()2-s2.0-84958049999 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-21 Skapad: 2015-01-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1529 kB)1359 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 1529 kBChecksumma SHA-512
214b14fb1c17a4dad6e7c1057555b02f3659a11b1d7bcdf6c550c7c353f331e4be6f3d9a93611b6dc3d44d16c599519e57802857ef79fbee5fb59c21919083f2
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Personposter BETA

Scarpa, Simone

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Scarpa, Simone
Av organisationen
Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA)
Socialt arbete

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 1359 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 7433 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf