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Folate content in faba beans (Vicia faba L.) - effects of cultivar, maturity stage, industrial processing, and bioprocessing
Mansoura University, Egypt.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0550-5828
Mansoura University, Egypt.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0387-4312
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Food Science & Nutrition, E-ISSN 2048-7177, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 65-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Faba beans are an important source of folate and commonly consumed in Egypt. This study examined the effects of Egyptian industrial food processing (e.g., canning and freezing), germination, cultivar, and maturity stages on folate content, with the aim to develop a candidate functional canned faba bean food with increased folate content. The folate content in four cultivars of green faba beans ranged from 110 to 130 μg 100 g(-1) fresh weight (535-620 μg 100 g(-1) dry matter [DM]), which was four- to sixfold higher than in dried seeds. Industrial canning of dried seeds resulted in significant folate losses of ∼20% (P = 0.004), while industrial freezing had no effect. Germination of faba beans increased the folate content by >40% (P < 0.0001). A novel industrial canning process involving pregermination of dried faba beans resulted in a net folate content of 194 μg 100 g(-1) DM, which is 52% more than in conventional canned beans. The consumption of green faba beans should be recommended, providing ∼120 μg dietary folate equivalents per 100 g/portion.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 65-73
Nationell ämneskategori
Livsmedelsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-51169DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.192PubMedID: 25650294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-51169DiVA, id: diva2:913548
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-21 Skapad: 2016-03-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hefni, Mohammed E.Witthöft, Cornelia M.

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