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Mitigating the emissions released from spontaneous fires at biomass storages: A footstep towards sustainability
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0021-5971
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. (eseg)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2961-296X
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2015 (English)In: 23rd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, 1-4 June 2015, 2015, Vol. 23, p. 1550-1557Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fires at the  material storages sites of manucipal and industrial sectors are a major environmental risk and have increased significantly. Toxic emissions released from such open fires have severe environmental and health consequences. Considering that it is not possible to install any unit operation to control the emissions released from such open fires, the possibilities to employ natural vegetation to act as a sink for aerosol particles released from open fires was investigated. A series of tests was conducted in a controlled wind tunnel environment. Smoke was generated in a smoke-aerosol generator and measurements of smoke concentrations upwind and downwind of “green filter packs” (vegetation filters) were made. Measurements involved laser-based particle counters, two-stage Nuclepore filter systems, and Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) techniques followed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The main objective of the work was to illustrate ways to design experiments that can assist in the study of vegetation as “pollution screens”. Our observations and findings imply that several refinements to the experimental design will be needed, including with respect to methods for assessing the distribution of particle number and mass as a function of particle size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 23, p. 1550-1557
Series
European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, ISSN 2282-5819 ; 23
Keywords [en]
spontaneous fire, biomass storage, emissions, vegetation filter, smoke-aerosol
National Category
Energy Engineering Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Bioenergy Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-51939DOI: 10.5071/23rdEUBCE2015-4AV.2.26ISBN: 9788889407516 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-51939DiVA, id: diva2:916995
Conference
23rd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, 1-4 June 2015
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved

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Ibrahim, Muhammad AsimLaohaprapanon, SawanyaRupar-Gadd, KatarinaHogland, William

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Ibrahim, Muhammad AsimLaohaprapanon, SawanyaRupar-Gadd, KatarinaHogland, William
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Citation style
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