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Climate change effects of forestry and substitution of carbon-intensive materials and fossil fuels
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. (SBER)
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. (SBER)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. (Department of Soil and Environment)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. (Department of Forest Resource Management)
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2017 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 67, 612-624 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We estimate the climate effects of directing forest management in Sweden towards increased carbon storage in forests with more land set-aside for protection, or towards increased forest production for the substitution of carbon-intensive materials and fossil fuels, relative to a reference case of current forest management. We develop various scenarios of forest management and biomass use to estimate the carbon balances of the forest systems, including ecological and technological components, and their impacts on the climate in terms of radiative forcing. The scenario with increased set-aside area and the current level of forest residue harvest resulted in lower cumulative carbon emissions compared to the reference case for the first 90 years, but then showed higher emissions as reduced forest harvest led to higher carbon emissions from energy and material systems. For the reference case of current forest management, increased harvest of forest residues gave increased climate benefits. The most climatically beneficial alternative, expressed as reduced cumulative radiative forcing, in both the short and long terms is a strategy aimed at high forest production, high residue recovery rate, and high efficiency utilization of harvested biomass. Active forest management with high harvest levels and efficient forest product utilization will provide more climate benefit, compared to reducing harvest and storing more carbon in the forest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 67, 612-624 p.
Keyword [en]
Biomass residues ; Forest management ; Climate change ; Radiative forcing
National Category
Forest Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-57660DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.056ISI: 000389088900046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-57660DiVA: diva2:1040655
Available from: 2016-10-28 Created: 2016-10-28 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Gustavsson, LeifHaus, SylviaSathre, RogerTruong, Nguyen Le
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf