lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Equine-assisted Social Work or Therapy – Addressing Gaps and Contradictory Results
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. (Barn och ungdomsforskning)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1134-1535
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In reviewing published literature to shed lights on gaps and contradictory results in previous studies between 2000-2014 the goal was to assist practitioners and researches identifying and providing perspectives on complicated issues when results of interventions are pointing in different directions. In total, 55 published articles and 15 dissertations were analyzed thematically. Excluded are studies focused on therapeutic riding for the physically disabled or hippo-therapy benefiting from equine movement, as well as studies focused on individual´s riding goals or horsemanship skills. Empirical research show that adding a horse could qualitatively change the therapeutic relationship providing a moment of silence, meaning silencing the client´s inner critic making them more authentic and able to regulate their emotions. The staff on the other hand could counteract this “safe” healing by being focused on goals, making interpretations and reprimand or encouraging the clients making clients feel judged anyhow. There is a need for the process to be described regarding the professionals affiliation and approach, the theoretical perspective, the purpose of the intervention, the intended role of the horse, ethical approach both concerning the client and the horse, plan to prevent risks as well as describe risk in relation to possible outcomes for the client and the horse. There is a need for understanding horses as sentient beings with needs of their own, not just tools for humans to use. Just giving access to a horse to solve a client´s problem is not a solution. Considerations to differences between individual horses as well as individual staff need to be attended. There is a need for critical reflection about researchers and practitioner´s biases that can make them driven by their own relationship with horses. As an example anthropomorphism has provided the opportunity to use animals as alternative sources of social support and the means to benefit emotionally and physically from this. The effects of anthropomorphism seem to be good for the human but less benign for the horses. Here ethical limits need to be discussed far more than in earlier research when it also could be an aspect of contradictory results. There seem to be a need for using a variety of research methods to capture the complexity. Interdisciplinary research groups could be an answer were measures of heart rates, cortisol levels and brain activity is also included. The analysis suggest allowing different paradigms of participatory as well as constructivism or post-positivism to capture the complexity and the contradictory results of social work or therapy assisted by horses. Collaborative project with practitioners and clients to reach the tacit knowledge using reflection as a tool as well as questioning if this should be regarded as a method of its own or a complement to other methods. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keywords [en]
Equine assisted social work Equine assisted Interventions
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Sciences, Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58252OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-58252DiVA, id: diva2:1048777
Conference
Equine Cultures in Transition: Human-horse relationships in theory and practice: changing concepts of interaction and ethics 27-29 oktober
Available from: 2016-11-22 Created: 2016-11-22 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Abstracts

Authority records BETA

Carlsson, Catharina

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Carlsson, Catharina
By organisation
Department of Social Work
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 160 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf