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To consent or decline HPV vaccination: a pilot study at the start of the national school-based vaccination program in Sweden
Uppsala university.
Uppsala university.
Uppsala university.
Uppsala university.
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Journal of School Health, ISSN 0022-4391, E-ISSN 1746-1561, Vol. 87, no 1, 62-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND

Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model.

METHODS

The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire. Most parents (N = 186) agreed to the vaccination. Pearson's chi-square, Fisher's exact test, and the Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze data.

RESULTS

Declining parents saw more risks and fewer benefits of HPV vaccination but no differences in beliefs regarding the severity or young girls' susceptibility to HPV were found. There was an association between refusing the HPV vaccine and lower acceptance of previous childhood vaccinations, and their main source of information was the Internet. Parents who declined the vaccine believed it could adversely affect condom use, the age of their daughter's sexual debut, and the number of sexual partners.

CONCLUSION

Parents should have the possibility to discuss HPV and HPV vaccine with a school nurse or other health care professionals, and should have access to evidence-based information on the Internet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 87, no 1, 62-70 p.
Keyword [en]
Health beliefs, Health Belief Model, HPV vaccination, School-based vaccination programs, School nurses.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58631DOI: 10.1111/josh.12470ISI: 000393826900008PubMedID: 27917484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-58631DiVA: diva2:1051929
Available from: 2016-12-05 Created: 2016-12-05 Last updated: 2017-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Oscarsson, Marie
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf