Planting and survivability of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in Sweden: Questions of seedling storability, site preparation, bud burst timing and freezing tolerance
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The non-native Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) has been grown to a limited extent in the southern part of Sweden since the early 1900s. A more extensive use has probably been curtailed by its known susceptibility to damage by frost, pine weevil and other pests. Limited access to vital seedlings of suitable provenances has also restricted its more widespread growth. The need for valuable species that will grow well through ongoing climate change has increased the interest for Douglas fir in Sweden.
This thesis addresses a number of important questions relating to the planting of Douglas fir in Sweden: seedling storability, freezing tolerance, timing of bud burst, frost damage and seedling response to site preparation. Seven Douglas fir provenances originating from British Columbia, Canada were used in the experiments and where applicable, compared with a local provenance of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). The early bud burst of interior Douglas fir provenances, observed both in greenhouse tests and in the field, results in a high risk of damage by late spring frost. This type of damage does not seem, however, to be fatal and does not obviously retard the early growth of seedlings. The difference in growth between coastal and interior provenances was insignificant, but survival was greater for interior than for coastal provenances. All the provenances of Douglas fir studied showed a later development of freezing tolerance of shoots and roots in the autumn than Norway spruce, with the coastal provenances developing such tolerance even later than interior provenances. This could be a contributory cause for the severe damage by winter desiccation observed on seedlings of coastal origin. A thorough site preparation proved to be an effective way to increase survival and root growth. Interior provenances of Douglas fir became ready for storage earlier in autumn than coastal provenances. When freezing tolerance of shoots had increased sufficiently, Douglas fir seedlings could safely be kept in frozen storage using the same procedures used for Norway spruce. The results emphasise the need to gain further knowledge about how the remaining obstacles to establishment of Douglas fir could be reduced with different silviculture methods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 275/2017
regeneration, provenances, coastal, interior, frost damage
Research subject Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-59933ISBN: 978-91-88357-57-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-59933DiVA: diva2:1066556
2017-02-10, M1083, Hus M, Växjö, 10:00 (English)
Jacobs, Douglass F., professor