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Erythrocyte fatty acid composition does not influence levels of free, bioavailable, and total 25-hydroxy vitamin D
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Medicine and Optometry. County Hospital Kalmar.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3106-0754
County Hospital Kalmar.
County Hospital Kalmar ; Linköping University Hospital.
County Hospital Kalmar.
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2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, ISSN 0036-5513, E-ISSN 1502-7686, Vol. 77, no 1, 45-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In vitro, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) may decrease the binding affinity of vitamin D metabolites for vitamin D-binding protein, which in turn may influence their bioavailability. FAs incorporated as phospholipids in erythrocyte (ery-) cell membranes reflect dietary intake. The purpose of this study was to investigate ery-FA composition in relation to markers for vitamin D. In healthy females (age 22.6 +/- 2.0 years) total 25(OH)D was measured by LC-MS/MS (n=78), free 25(OH)D with ELISA (n=64 of 78), and bioavailable 25(OH)D was calculated. Analysis of ery-FA composition was by gas chromatography (n=56 of 78). A strong correlation between total 25(OH)D and free 25(OH)D was seen (r=.66, p<.001), and between total-25(OH)D and bioavailable 25(OH)D (r=.68, p<.001). No correlations between 25(OH)D fractions and specific fatty acids were found, and in particular, no associations with mono- and poly-unsaturated FA compositions. All 25(OH)D fractions were correlated with leptin (total 25(OH)D (r=-.33, p<.003); bioavailable 25(OH)D (r=-.47, p<.001); free 25(OH)D (r=-.44, p<.001). Associations were found between PTH and total 25(OH)D (r=-.35, p=.002) and weaker between bioavailable 25(OH)D (r=-.35, p=.040) and free 25(OH)D (r=-.28, p=.079). All fractions of 25(OH)D appear to correlate in a similar way to PTH, BMI and body fat (leptin). No association was found between ery-FA composition and free/bioavailable 25(OH)D. It is unlikely that FAs are a strong uncoupling factor of DBP-bound 25(OH)D.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 77, no 1, 45-52 p.
Keyword [en]
Erythrocyte membrane, fatty acids, leptin, lipids, parathyroid hormone, Vitamin D
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60253DOI: 10.1080/00365513.2016.1258724ISI: 000390847200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-60253DiVA: diva2:1068938
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2017-01-26Bibliographically approved

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