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Performance and job creation among self-employed immigrants and natives in Sweden
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. (Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4068-2985
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper uses individual panel data for all self-employed in the retail and service sectors to study how immigrant and native owned firms perform and contribute to job creation in Sweden. In particular, we use an individual-fixed effects model to explore how self-employment outcomes among immigrants and natives evolve with years in self-employment. The results show that native men have higher earnings and profit level from selfemployment activities than immigrant men. Immigrant men converge towards the earnings and profit levels of native men as self-employment experience increase, but do not reach parity. On the contrary, immigrant women catch up with the earnings and profit levels of native women after between 3 to 5 years in business. Turnover is highest for men, and in firms owned by non-European immigrants, independently of length of business experience. Immigrant firms, and in particular those owned by non-European immigrants, contribute more to job creation than firms owned by natives. As length of business experience increases immigrants’ hire additional persons to their firms to a higher extent than natives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies , 2016. , p. 22
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies ; 2016:11
Keywords [en]
Immigrants, Job creation, Performance, Self-employment
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-60587DiVA, id: diva2:1072660
Available from: 2017-02-08 Created: 2017-02-08 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Neuman, Emma

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf