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Environmental research collaboration: Cross-sector knowledge production in environmental science
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. (ESEG)
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Sektorsövergripande samverkan för kunskapsproduktion i miljövetenskapen (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Increased interaction between science and society is recognised as one of the characteristics of contemporary science. Solving the complex environmental problems of our day also necessitate such interactions. In this thesis, theories of knowledge production and innovation, including the triple helix and Mode 2, were used to analyse and assess environmental science critically. The triple helix model claims that interaction between university, industry, and government, is essential for innovation development. The Mode 2 of science emphasises the social embeddedness of science. These theories of knowledge production are situated on a macro level. Most studies carried out about this have disregarded the interactions in practice between science and society. The aim of the thesis was to explore how these theories manifest themselves in practice. Further, the aim was to contribute to knowledge about cross-sector interactions in environmental research collaboration. Interactive research was conducted in three environmental research projects. One survey was also conducted on a national level. Results are distributed in five research papers. Firstly, the results showed that the triple helix became somethings else on a project level. Further, when working in a triple helix-based collaboration participants encountered boundaries and which could be crossed using boundary-spanning means. The use of dialogue arenas in interactive research, meaning research oriented workshops and seminars, aided both participants and the researcher to cross disciplinary and cross-sector boundaries. Solving environmental problems, using cross-sector research collaboration, necessitated the recognition of the collaborative process itself. An abstract environmental idea such as the circular economy was also found to contribute to bridging the gaps between research and society. Lastly, the research showed that environmental scientists reflect upon the relevance of their research. The scientists felt the need to provide society with relevant research and adjust their research choices due to this. This thesis ends up with a discussion about a Mode 3 of knowledge production where the democratisation of research is crucial. Here a fourth helix represents the further inclusion of society in general. A fifth helix includes the natural environment as a driver for collaboration, forming a quintuple helix which incorporates the environmental relevance into collaboration. This thesis contributes to knowledge about theories of knowledge production, cross-sector research collaboration and the role of environmental science in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017. , 145 p.
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 273/2017
Keyword [en]
Triple helix, quintuple helix, Mode 3, cross-sector research collaboration, interactive research; boundaries, knowledge production, relevance of research, environmental science
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60611Libris ID: 20058830ISBN: 978-91-88357-55-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-60611DiVA: diva2:1073106
Public defence
2017-03-03, Fullriggaren, Kocken, Landgången 4, Kalmar, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-03-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A cross-national environmental cluster collaboration: Shifting between an analytical and management level of the triple helix
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-national environmental cluster collaboration: Shifting between an analytical and management level of the triple helix
2015 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 42, no 4, 583-593 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The STInno project, which was part of the EU Framework Programme 7 aimed to minimise thedistance between south–north regions in Europe with a specific focus on wastewater treatmentclusters. Three triple helix collaborations from three different countries participated, using theirknowledge to work on a case study of olive mill wastewaters. The objective of this paper was tostudy how the triple helix functioned in practice. Results showed that a management model of thetriple helix is somewhat different from the analytical model. A shift between these two viewsoccurred during the project and the participants had to relate to this, as it had an effect onthe outcomes. Concepts of social capital and trust are used to further elaborate on this byemphasising the importance of the people side of the triple helix and how the original, analyticalmodel can be limiting when used in management practice.

Keyword
triple helix, social capital, environmental science, university-industry collaboration, wastewater, Framework Programme 7
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38852 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scu075 (DOI)000361041500011 ()
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved
2. Overcoming the Triple Helix Boundaries in an Environmental Research Collaboration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overcoming the Triple Helix Boundaries in an Environmental Research Collaboration
2017 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 44, no 2, 153-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cross-sector interactions between university and other sectors are increasingly important to contemporary knowledge production. However, there are few guidelines for conducting such interactions at the micro-level of actor or research group. The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of cross-sector collaboration by drawing upon the theory of knowledge boundaries. The main author worked as an action researcher, specifically an interactive researcher, within an environmental research group that was focused on solving on-site industry wastewater issues. Using this approach, we created arenas for dialogue between sectors. During this three-year European Union project, built on three years of previous research, there was an increased demand for the group to develop applied results and to interact with other sectors. Thus, the researchers were challenged to cross boundaries and share their knowledge with partners outside academia. We argue that difficulties are encountered when crossing information process-oriented, cultural, and political boundaries. These difficulties are related to the move between Mode 1 and Mode 2 of knowledge production and the triple helix approach. Solutions to these issues were solved, in part, by the use of boundary spanners and boundary management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017
Keyword
triple helix, mode 2, interactive research, environmental science, usefulness of science, research collaboration
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Sociology; Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-38853 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scw045 (DOI)000401745500001 ()
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-07-18Bibliographically approved
3. Improving regional waste management using the circular economy as an epistemic object
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving regional waste management using the circular economy as an epistemic object
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Circular economy, epistemic object, waste management, interactive research, cross-sector collaboration
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60609 (URN)
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-02-14Bibliographically approved
4. Using dialogue arenas to manage boundaries between sectors and disciplines in environmental research projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using dialogue arenas to manage boundaries between sectors and disciplines in environmental research projects
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Action Research, ISSN 1861-1303, E-ISSN 1861-9916, Vol. 13, no 1, 24-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An interactive research strategy, a form of action research, was used in two environmental research projects. This strategy emphasises a balance between research and practice. Further, the method of dialogue arenas was used, meaning the creation of different types of meeting places where research and practice interact with each other. This paper shows the strength of these dialogue arenas to identify and cross boundaries. During these dialogue arenas the interactive researcher encountered two such boundaries. The first boundary was found in the research system between social science and natural science. The second boundary was found in the practice system between the collaborating sectors. Dialogue arenas helped in managing these boundaries by clarifying the role of the social scientist, facilitating collaboration, and democratising the research process.

Abstract [es]

En dos proyectos de investigación ambiental fue utilizada una estrategia de investigación interactiva, una forma de investigación acción. Esta estrategia hace hincapié en el balance entre la investigación y la práctica. Además, se utilizó el método de los espacios de dialogo, lo que significa la creación de diferentes tipos de lugares de encuentro donde la investigación y la práctica interactúan entre sí. Este artículo muestra la fuerza de estos espacios de diálogo para identificar y cruzar límites. Durante estos espacios de dialogo, el investigador interactivo encontró dos de estos límites. El primer límite fue encontrado en el sistema de investigación entre las ciencias sociales y las ciencias naturales. El segundo límite fue encontrado en el sistema de práctica entre los sectores colaboradores. Los espacios de diálogo ayudaron a manejar estos límites, aclarando el papel del científico social, facilitando la colaboración y democratizando el proceso de investigación.

Keyword
Interactive research, Boundaries, Cross-sector collaboration, Transdisciplinary science, Environmental science, Investigación interactiva, límites, colaboración intersectorial, ciencia transdisciplinar, ciencia medioambiental
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60608 (URN)10.3224/ijar.v13i1.03 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-04-25Bibliographically approved
5. Exploring the attitudes to societal relevance: The effects on reflection and choice of research among environmental scientists
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the attitudes to societal relevance: The effects on reflection and choice of research among environmental scientists
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Mode 2, relevance of research, choice of research, environmental science, reflection
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science; Economy, Ledarskap, entreprenörskap och organisation; Social Sciences, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60610 (URN)
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-02-14Bibliographically approved

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