Progressive Nationalism and Female Rule in Post-colonial South and Southeast Asia
2012 (English)In: Asian Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1225-9276, Vol. 18, no 2, 35-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several South and Southeast Asian countries have elected popular female political leaders since independence. Most of the women are either daughters or widows of popular male nationalist politicians and the key to understanding the phenomenon is the special character of nationalism as it emerged in the regions in the late colonial period. At a theoretical level, the rise of female leaders in Bangladesh, Burma, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand can best be understood as a consequence of the maternalist qualities of nationalism, including visions of peaceful national integration, social and economic justice and gender equality in the political and civic sphere. The dichotomy, which has obvious gender connotations, between this popular, progressive nationalism and the official, conservative nationalism propagated by later authoritarian regimes provided favorable conditions for the rise of female political leaders who claimed to represent the maternalism associated with their dead fathers or husbands and with the original nationalist projects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 18, no 2, 35-69 p.
South Asia, Southeast Asia, women politicians, gender history, 20th century, political culture, political dynasties, democratic transitions, liberation nationalism, maternalism
History and Archaeology
Research subject Humanities, History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60862DOI: 10.1080/12259276.2012.11666126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-60862DiVA: diva2:1076738