Power system voltage security assessment is generally applied by considering the power system loadability surface. For a large power system, the loadability surface is a complicated hyper-surface in parameter space, and local approximations are a necessity for any analysis. Unfortunately, inequality constraints due to for example generator overexitation limiters, and higher codimension bifurcations, make the loadability surface non-smooth. One situation that is particularly difficult to handle is when a saddle-node bifurcation surface intersects a switching loadability limit surface. In this article we intend to investigate how several local approximations can be combined to obtain an adequate approximation of the loadability surface near such intersections.
2013. Vol. 96, 64-74 p.