The paradox of petrodollar development: Chad’s military diplomacy in regional and global security
2016 (English)In: South African Journal of International Affairs, ISSN 1022-0461, E-ISSN 1938-0275, Vol. 23, no 2, 297-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper examines the Chadian government’s overwhelming preoccupation with state security, rather than individual security, as evidenced by its huge expenditure on arms rather than on poverty-alleviating development projects following the unprecedented influx of petrodollars in the years since production began in 2003. This overemphasis on state security demonstrates a mismatch between the availability of natural resource wealth and ongoing low levels of socioeconomic development in Chad. The country has instead used its enormous oil wealth to boost its standing in the turbulent Central African and Sahelian regions where terrorism is rife. The country’s international diplomacy, which consists of deploying its well-equipped military in international peacekeeping missions and in the fight against terrorism, is a strategy of achieving international recognition while simultaneously diverting the international community’s attention from the country’s democracy deficit and poor human rights record. Internally, authoritarianism and political instability are accompanied by conflict, poverty and underdevelopment, which in turn perpetuate the challenges facing the country.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 23, no 2, 297-322 p.
Chad, petrodollars, military diplomacy, natural resource wealth, resource curse, patronage, poverty alleviation, human security, national security
Human Geography Sociology
Research subject Economy, Cultural Economy; Humanities, Human Geography; Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies; Social Sciences, Sociology; Humanities, Cultural Sociology; Environmental Science, Natural Resources Management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-61720DOI: 10.1080/10220461.2016.1240101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-61720DiVA: diva2:1084618