Empowerment in critical care - a concept analysis
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, no 1, 164-174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to analyse how the concept of empowerment is defined in the scientific literature in relation to critical care. As empowerment is a mutual process affecting all individuals involved, the perspectives of not only patients and next of kin but also staff were sought.
METHOD: A literature review and a concept analysis based on Walker and Avant's analysis procedure were used to identify the basic elements of empowerment in critical care. Twenty-two articles with a focus on critical care were discovered and included in the investigation.
FINDINGS: A mutual and supportive relationship, knowledge, skills, power within oneself and self-determination were found to be the common attributes of empowerment in critical care. The results could be adapted and used for all parties involved in critical care - whether patients, next of kin or staff - as these defining attributes are assumed to be universal to all three groups, even if the more specific content of each attribute varies between groups and individuals.
CONCLUSION: Even if empowerment is only sparsely used in relation to critical care, it appears to be a very useful concept in this context. The benefits of improving empowerment are extensive: decreased levels of distress and strain, increased sense of coherence and control over situation, and personal and/or professional development and growth, together with increased comfort and inner satisfaction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 31, no 1, 164-174 p.
Concept analysis, Critical care, Empowerment, Family, Patient, Staff
Research subject Health and Caring Sciences, Nursing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62314DOI: 10.1111/scs.12331PubMedID: 27164009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-62314DiVA: diva2:1088511